His second son JOHN ARNOLD (wrongly called Thomas in Trans. Cymm. , 1942 , 21), inherited Llanthony (the Gloucestershire estates passing to the children of a former marriage), but later leased it to the Hoptons (retaining the baronial rights), and bought the manor of Llanvihangel Crucorney as his seat. Educated at Middle Temple ( 1584 ), he was active in the Parliament of 1597 (sitting for Monmouthshire ), and was on the skirts of the Essex conspiracy of 1601 . His eldest son NICHOLAS ARNOLD (d. 1665 ) sat for the county in the 1626 Parliament and was sheriff in 1633 , but he was more active as horse-breeder than as politician , and no evidence can be found of the later allegation that he fought for Oliver Cromwell and was rewarded with lands. ( Hist. MSS. Com. , Dartmouth , iii, 282).
In Sept. 1679 he unsuccessfully contested Monmouth borough against Worcester 's heir, but unseated him on petition ( 26 Nov. 1680 ) on the ground of the exclusion of the out-boroughs. Meanwhile ( April 1680 ) an alleged Catholic-inspired attempt on his life (now believed to be a fabrication, although John Giles of Usk was convicted and punished for it) made him a popular hero alongside Shaftesbury , Oates , Bedloe , and other leaders of the country party, and he became prominent in exclusionist circles both at home and at Westminster , where he was re-elected for Monmouth in 1681 . But his star waned with the Tory reaction of 1682 , and in Nov. 1683 Beaufort secured a King's Bench verdict against him of scandalum magnatum , which he vainly tried to avert by further accusations against papists.
In default of paying £10,000 damages he was in prison for several years, losing the seat he had obtained on the Middlesex and Westminster benches. He was again returned for Monmouth in the Convention Parliament ( Jan. 1689 ), but chose Southwark when he was elected for both in the following month. He failed to get the judicial verdict quashed, but recovered his seat on the Westminster and Middlesex benches ( 3 April 1690 ), maintaining his association with Oates , his coffee-house intrigues and his advanced political sentiments; but although he sat once more for Monmouth from 1695-8 he had no further influence in the House . After his death Llanthony and Llanvihangel were sold by his heir NICHOLAS ARNOLD (b. 1669 ) to the Harley s of Brampton Bryan .
Emeritus Professor Arthur Herbert Dodd, M.A., (1891-1975), Bangor
Published date: 1959