Her legend is told in the summary ‘Life’ of S. Keyne , compiled in the mid-14th cent. by John of Teignmouth from an unknown original. S. Keyne , despising marriage and thus winning the appellation ‘ Cein-wyry ’ (‘ Keyne the virgin ’), [often shortened to ‘ Ceinwr ’ and ‘ Gaynor ’ — or again ‘ Ceinwen ’ i.e. ‘Cain the holy’], departed from her native region and settled at a place, now Keynsham , in Somerset , where she lived a hermit 's life. After many years, she returned to South Wales and established a monastery at a place not identified with certainty, but perhaps Llangeinor in Glamorgan . The ‘Life’ states that she was buried by S. Cadoc .
S. Keyne is the patroness of Llangeinor , and her name is remembered in Llan-gain and Capel Cain Wyry (parish of Talley ) in Carmarthenshire , in Llangeinwen in Anglesey , and perhaps in Machen, Mon. Other churches named after her occur in Herefordshire , Somerset , and Cornwall . Her festival is celebrated usually on 8 October .
[Avoid confusing Keyne ( Cain ) with Canna , another female saint ( Br. S.S. ii, 69-71). Llan-gain (Carms.) derives from S. Keyne , but Llan-gan (Glam.) and Canton ( Cardiff ) from S. Canna .]
Hywel David Emanuel, M.A., (1921-70), Aberystwyth
Published date: 1959