Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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CAMPBELL , FREDERICK ARCHIBALD VAUGHAN , viscount Emlyn (1847-1898), earl Cawdor (1898-1911) .

Born 13 Feb. 1847 , eldest son of the 2nd earl Cawdor of Golden Grove, Carms., and his first wife Sarah, daughter of the Hon. Henry Compton-Cavendish. Educated at Eton and Christ Church , Oxford , he was Conservative M.P. for Carmarthenshire , 1874-85 , but unsuccessfully contested West Carmarthenshire , 1885 , south Manchester , 1892 , and the Cricklade division of Wiltshire , 1898 .

In 1880 , he was appointed a member of the departmental committee of inquiry into the state of intermediate and higher education in Wales ( Aberdare Committee ), the report of which, published 18 Aug. 1881 , led to the Welsh Intermediate Education Act , 1889 , and the establishment of the University Colleges of Cardiff ( 1883 ) and Bangor ( 1884 ). He was appointed ecclesiastical commissioner , 1880 ; honorary commissioner in lunacy , 1886-93 ; and chairman of the Great Western Railway , 1895-1905 .

He succeeded as 3rd earl Cawdor on the death of his father, 1898 . In 1905 (March-Nov.) he was First Lord of the Admiralty in the Balfour Government . He played a leading part in opposition to the ‘ Lloyd George budget’ of 1909 and in 1910 was concerned in discussions for the reform of the House of Lords . His interests included the Carmarthenshire Militia , which he commanded for ten years, and the Royal Agricultural Society of which he was president in 1901 . He d. of pneumonia at Mayfair on 8 Feb. 1911, and was buried at Stackpole Church, Pembrokeshire.

Sources:

  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • W. R. Williams , The History of the Parliamentary Representation of Wales (1895) , 50;
  • W. C. Davies and W. L. Jones , The History of the University of Wales ;
  • T. Gwynn Jones , Cofiant Thomas Gee (Denbigh, 1913) .

Author:

Professor Glyn Roberts, M.A., (1904-1962), Bangor

Published date: 1959