Dictionary of Welsh Biography


A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z



COTTON , Sir STAPLETON ( 1773 - 1865 ), 6th baronet , afterwards 1st viscount Combermere , field-marshal ,

came of the house of Salusbury of Llewenni (q.v.) — pedigree in J. E. Griffith , Pedigrees , 222. Sir John Salusbury (d. s.p. 1684 ) left the estate to his sister HESTER (d. 1710 ), who m. Sir Robert Cotton , 1st baronet , of Combermere (d. 1713 ); their son Sir THOMAS COTTON , 2nd baronet (d. 1715 ), m. Philadelphia Lynch . They had three children, of whom the youngest, Hester , m. John Salusbury of Bachygraig , and was the mother of Hester Lynch ( Thrale ) Piozzi (q.v.) . The eldest, Sir ROBERT COTTON , 3rd baronet , d. 1748 ; his brother, Sir , Lynch Salusbury Cotton , 4th baronet (d. 1775 ), had a son, Sir ROBERT COTTON , 5th baronet (d. 1807 ), who m. FRANCES STAPLETON , co-heiress of the house of Bodrhyddan, Flints. ( J. E. Griffith , op. cit., 260-1). Their son, b. 14 Nov. 1773 (at Llewenni ), is the subject of the present notice. His very distinguished military career is described fully in the D.N.B. He served in Flanders , at the Cape , and in India , where he came to the notice of Sir Arthur Wellesley , who used him as cavalry commander in the Peninsular War , and would, if he had had his way, have chosen him to command the cavalry at Waterloo . He was afterwards governor of Barbados ( 1817-20 ), Com.-in-Chief in Ireland ( 1822-5 ) and in India ( 1825-30 ), and became field-marshal in 1855 . He was raised to the peerage in 1814 and created viscount in 1827 . D. 21 Feb. 1865 . His younger grandson, Col. R. S. G. Cotton , of Llwyn Onn , Llanfairpwll ( 1849 - 1925 ), presented the library of the University College of North Wales with an interesting collection of manuscripts relating to the family estates in the West Indies . James Henry Cotton , dean of Bangor (q.v.) , was the field-marshal 's first cousin, their fathers being brothers.

Author:

Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor

Published date: 1959