Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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CRADOCK , Sir MATHEW or MATHIAS ( 1468? - 1531 ), royal official in South Wales .

Descended from Einion ap Collwyn , he was the son of Richard ap Gwilim ap Evan ap Cradock Vreichfras , and Jennet Horton of Cantelupeston (Candleston) castle near Newton, Glam. In his official capacity he is said to have wielded tremendous power in South Wales . On his tombstone he is described as deputy to Charles , earl of Worcester , in the county of ‘ Glamorgan and Morg.’, as chancellor of the same, and steward of ‘ Gower and Kilvei .’ He is believed to have been steward of Gower in 1491 and 1497 . A Matthew Cradok was appointed constable for life of the castle of Kayre Filli and Kenfike in South Wales , 6 March 1485-6 ( Cal. Pat. Rolls , 1 H. VII), and in July 1491 a Matthew Cradok or Cradoke , with others, is granted a commission to seek assistance for the king for his French wars in the lordships of Cardif , Glomorgan , Morgannok , Gower , Ilande , Vske , and Carlyon ( Cal. Pat. Rolls , 6 H. VII). Again, Matthew Craddoke of London , alias of Swaynesey , co. Glamorgan , is granted a pardon for not appearing before the king's justices 6 Feb. 1504-5 ( Cal. Pat. Rolls , 20 H. VII). The contemporary Welsh bard Iorwerth Fynglwyd (q.v.) composed two poems referring to Sir Mathew , one when he was imprisoned by him, at Swansea , and another seeking to be reconciled to him ( Lewis and Jones , Mynegai ). He was twice m. — first to Alice , daughter of Philip Mansel of Oxwich castle , and second to Katherine Gordon , widow of Perkin Warbeck . By his first wife he had a daughter, Margaret , who m. Richard Herbert of Ewyas, Herefords. , and became the mother of William Herbert , who was created earl of Pembroke in 1551 [see the article Herbert , earls of Pembroke ]. He d. between 14 June and 16 Aug. 1531 , and was buried at Swansea .

Sources:

  • J. M. Traherne , Historical Notices of Sir Matthew Cradock, Knt., of Swansea, in the reigns of Henry VII. and VIII , Llandovery, 1840 ;
  • Archaeologia Cambrensis , 1886 (342), 1894 (127);
  • Geiriadur Bywgraffyddol o Enwogion Cymru ;
  • Cymru yn hanesyddol, parthedegol, a bywgraphyddol , 1875 ;
  • Index of Wills proved in the Prerogative court of Canterbury, 1383-1558 , Bristish Record Society, 1893-1919 , Index Library No. 10;
  • The Complete Peerage , 1910–40 ;
  • G. J. Williams , Traddodiad Llenyddol Morgannwg , 1948 .

Author:

Griffith Milwyn Griffiths, M.A., Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959