Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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DAVID , Sir TANNATT WILLIAM EDGEWORTH ( 1858 - 1934 ), geologist and explorer ;

b. 28 Jan. 1858 , son of William David , rector of S. Fagans, Glam. [From Magdalen School he entered New College , Oxford , in 1876 , with the intention of taking holy orders, and obtained a ‘first’ in classical moderations in 1878 ; but a breakdown in health diverted his course, and he took a pass degree in 1881 , having in the meantime taken to geology .] He began his geological career by a study of the glacial phenomena of South Wales , the results of which were communicated to the Geological Society . He joined the Geological Survey of New South Wales , 1882 , was appointed professor of geology and physical geography in the University of Sydney , 1891 , and retired in 1924 . He led the Royal Society 's expedition to the coral atoll of Funafuti in 1897 , was chief of the scientific staff in Shackleton 's Antarctic expedition of 1907-9 , led the climb of Mount Erebus in 1908 , and was one of the party which reached the South Magnetic Pole in 1909 ; he was also adviser for Shackleton 's second expedition in 1913 . David was largely responsible for the foundation of the Australian mining corps in the first world war , and became geological adviser to the British expeditionary force in France , with the rank of Lieut.-Colonel. He received doctorates ( D.Sc. and Ll.D. ) from several British and Commonwealth universities [among them a D.Sc. from the University of Wales , 1926 ], and distinctions and medals from scientific societies in Britain , Australia , New Zealand , and France ; F.R.S. ( 1900 ), G.M.G. ( 1910 ), D.S.O. ( 1918 ), K.B.E. ( 1920 ). He d. 28 Aug. 1934 .

Sources:

  • Cardiff Naturalists' Society: Report and Transactions , xiii, 1881 , 60-78, and lxvii, 1934, 13-16;
  • Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London , xxxix, 1883 , 39-54, xci, 1935, xc-xciii;
  • [ Foster , Alumni Oxonienses ;
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 1931-40 ].

Author:

Frederick John North, O.B.E., D.Sc., F.G.S., F.S.A., F.M.A., (1889-1968), Cardiff

Published date: 1959