Dawkins was a pioneer in the study of problems relating to the antiquity of man and the possible occurrence of human implements associated with the remains of extinct animals in Europe . He began in 1866 the publication of a monograph dealing with the British Pleistocene mammals. He examined deposits on the floor of Wookey Cave in Somerset ( 1857-61 ), and showed that the cave had been occupied during Pleistocene times sometimes by hyenas and sometimes by man. He took part (with J. Magens Mello ) in excavating a cave in Cresswell Crags near Worksop and again demonstrated the contemporaneity of man with animals now extinct, and discovered a piece of bone with an incised representation of the head of a horse — the first example of the art of cave-man to be found in Britain . His work in this field was summarized in Cave Hunting , 1874 , and Early Man in Britain and his place in the Tertiary Period , 1880 .
As geological adviser to the Channel Tunnel Company in 1882 he suggested extending a boring made near Dover , in the belief that it would establish the existence of the coalfield supposed to occur beneath south-eastern England . Coal seams were reached at depths between 1,100 and 1,700 feet, and the discovery resulted in the development of the Kent coalfield.
Frederick John North, O.B.E., D.Sc., F.G.S., F.S.A., F.M.A., (1889-1968), Cardiff
Published date: 1959