Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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ELFODD , bishop (d. 809 ),

whose name appears in the forms ‘ Elbodugus ’ and ‘ Elbodg ’ ( Harleian MS. 3859 ), and ‘ Elvodugus ’ ( Nennius ), representing Old Welsh Elbodu(g) ,’ is famous for his adoption (in 768 , according to Harleian MS. 3859 ) of the Roman Easter , which the Welsh Church had rejected in 602-3 . The traditions concerning his origins vary, but a connection with the monastery of Cybi at Holyhead is asserted in most of them (see Br. SS. , iii, 431). He is said (ibid.) to have become bishop of Bangor in 755 , but this statement rests on late and extremely dubious authority — the manuscripts of Iolo Morganwg . The chronicler Nennius (q.v.) , who styles himself Elfodd 's pupil (‘Elvodugi discipulus’), refers to him as ‘episcopus sanctissimus’ with no local designation; and the record of his death in 809 ( Harleian MS. 3859 ) calls him ‘archiepiscopus Guenedote regione’ ( chief bishop in the land of Gwynedd ), a phrase which at that date in Wales had no connotation of metropolitan authority.

Sources:

  • J. E. Lloyd , A History of Wales: from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest , 203-4.

Author:

Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor

Published date: 1959