Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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ERBERY , WILLIAM ( 1604 - 1654 ), Puritan and Independent ; b. at Roath-Dogfield near Cardiff , the son of a merchant ( Brasenose Coll. Reg. , i, 139). He graduated B.A. from Brasenose College , Oxford , 29 Oct. 1623 ( Foster , Alumni Oxon. ); he was incorporated at Cambridge ( Queens’ College ) in 1624 ; M.A. from Queens ’ in 1626 . He subscribed for deacon's orders at Bristol , 23 Dec. 1626 ( Venn , Alumni Cantab. ), and after being a curate at Newport, Mon. , was preferred to the living of S. Mary and S. John , Cardiff . He remained there from 7 Aug. 1633 until July 1638 ( Foster 's Index , N.L.W. ).

Together with Walter Cradoc (q.v.) he came into conflict with the bishop of Llandaff in 1634 on account of his Puritan activities. On 20 Oct. 1635 Erbery and William Wroth (q.v.) appeared before the Court of High Commission to answer for their Puritanism ( T. Richards , Cymru a'r Uchel Gomisiwn , 39). Wroth submitted to the bishop but Erbery resigned.

During the Civil War he was chaplain to major Skippon 's regiment ( Chr. Love , Vindication , 36). After the surrender of Oxford , he was in that city opposing the Presbyterian visitors, and on 11 Jan. 1646/7 he disputed in public with Francis Cheynell in the university church . He took part in the debates on the ‘ Agreement of the People ’ in Jan. 1648 ( Clarke Papers , ii, 171-5). He worked in Glamorgan under the terms of the Act for Propagation , and was paid £225 for his pains ( Walker MS. c. 13, f. 17), but towards the end of 1651 his scruples about tithes led him to refuse further payment ( The Sword Doubled , 3).

In doctrine he leaned towards mysticism, being a disciple of Jacob Boehme . As a result he was haled before the Committee for Plundered Ministers , 8 Feb. 1652/3 , to answer for his heresies ( Clarke Papers , ii, 233).

He had close connections with the Welsh Puritans , and Morgan Llwyd (q.v.) thought of him as his teacher . He was a violent critic of his co-religionists, and in matters of education opposed the Puritan emphasis on what he called ‘carnal knowledge.’ On 12 Oct. 1653 Erbery and John Webster opposed two others in public debate on this matter at Lombard Street , London ( Wood , Athenae , iii, c. 361).

He d. in London in April 1654 , but his burial place is unknown. His daughter Dorcas became a Quaker and a follower of James Nayler ( Mercurius Politicus , no. 350 (7624)).

The most important works of Erbery are included in the volume The Testimony of William Erbery left upon Record for the Saints of Succeeding Ages ( London , 1658 ), but Apocrypha ( London , 1652 ) is omitted from it.

Bibliography:

  • Erbery , The testimony of William Erbery left upon record for the saints of suceeding ages , 1658 ;
  • Wood , Athenae Oxonienses , 1813–20. Sometimes cited in the first (1691-2) edn ;
  • The Clarke Papers , Camden Society, 1891–1901 ;
  • Christopher Love , A Cleare and Necessary Vindication , 1651 .

Author:

Rev. Principal Robert Tudur Jones, D.Phil., (1921-98), Bangor