Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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EVANS , HUGH (d. 1656 ), General (i.e. Arminian) Baptist . Details of his early life are wanting; some years before the Civil War he was clothier's apprentice at Worcester . He moved to Coventry and ostensibly made a visit to London to see Jeremiah Ives , minister of the Old Jewry Arminians , and both proceeded to Wales (about 1646 ), full of the new gospel of general redemption but close communion. Their sphere of labour was mainly in Radnorshire — the parishes of Llan-hir , Cefnllys , Nantmel , Llanddewi Ystradenny — but included districts across the upper Wye in Brecknock . Ives returned to England , but Evans went on propagating his doctrines, aided by half-a-dozen other preachers , till his death in 1656 . These Arminians were fortified by a confession of faith drawn up in the Midlands in 1651 , but applying also to Wales , and by the salaries paid some of their preachers as itinerants under the Propagation Act of 1650 (one of them, John Prosser , was for a time Puritan schoolmaster at Talgarth ). But the Quaker invasions wrought sad havoc in their ranks; a Quaker named John Moon made a vicious attack upon the Arminian Baptists of Radnor in a pamphlet; and it is in a vigorous rejoinder by two followers of Hugh Evans — The Sun outshining the Moon — that we get the most authoritative account of the dead leader's life and activities.

Bibliography:

  • Thomas Shankland in Seren Gomer , 1900 , 323-4;
  • W. J. McGlothlin , Baptist Confessions of Faith , 95-109;
  • Harley Manuscript in the British Museum 6898, 219-32;
  • Bodl. J. Walker , c. 13 (62, 66, 68);
  • Reference is made to two editions, by E. B. Underhill, 1847, and Nathaniel Haycroft, 1865. Reference is also made to Addenda B (pp. 511–9 in 1847 ed) , Add. B 512, 518.

Author:

Thomas Richards, D.Litt., (1878-1962), Bangor