Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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FITZGERALD , MAURICE (d. 1176 ), one of the conquerors of Ireland .

Son of Gerald de Windsor , chief follower of Arnulf Montgomery and castellan of Pembroke Castle ( 1093- post 1116 ), by his wife Nest , daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr . Maurice and WILLIAM , two of the sons of Gerald and Nest , and lords respectively of Llanstephan and Emlyn , came into prominence as leaders of the Anglo-Norman settlers in West Wales against the great revolt of the native princes in 1136 . In 1146 they were at the head of the unsuccessful attempt to recover Llanstephan Castle from the Welsh . Later in his career Maurice Fitzgerald took part, with his half-brother Robert Fitzstephen , in the conquest of Ireland . In 1169 he landed in Wexford with his followers and led the English contingent against Dublin . He finally settled in the cantref of Kildare which earl Richard granted to him for his services. It is said that his wife (living in 1171 ) was Alice , granddaughter of Roger de Montgomery . Maurice , who was a brave and modest man of few words, d. at Wexford c. 1 Sept. 1176 . William d. 1174 .

Sources:

  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • A History of Wales: from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest , 423, 473, 502;
  • A History of Carmarthenshire , i (ed. J. E. Lloyd ), 142.

Author:

Dr Bertie George Charles, Ph.D., (1908-2000), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959