Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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GRUFFUDD BENRHAW, or PENRHAW ( 15th cent. ), poet ,

of whom it is known that he was a native of Brecknock and related to the family of Awbrey (q.v.) [No article found] . A series of englynion , attributed to him, to Owain Dwnn (q.v.) , and to Gruffudd ap Nicolas , is extant [but see the article on Gruffudd ap Nicolas ]. Prose passages accompany these, and the whole relates to various incidents in the life of the poet , obviously an unruly person. It gives an account of his imprisonment at Carmarthen and his release through the influence of Gruffudd ap Nicolas ; his second imprisonment and the payment of his debt by Thomas ap Gruffudd ap Nicolas ; his begging in Carmarthen church and his escape to Gwent and Ewias ; and lastly his return to Gruffudd ap Nicolas to beg his forgiveness. No other examples of the poet 's work have yet been found, nor any explanation of his name.


  • Mostyn MS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth) 131 (59);
  • Llanstephan Manuscript at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 135 (10);
  • Panton Manuscript at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth) 40 (61);
  • The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , 1941 , 131;
  • Garfield Hughes , ‘Y Dwniaid’;
  • Jones and Lewis , Mynegai i Farddoniaeth y Llawysgrifau (1928) .


Ray Looker, (Mrs Ray Morgan), Cardiff / Rhymni

Published date: 1959