Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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GRUFFUDD LLWYD ap DAFYDD ab EINION LLYGLIW ( fl. c. 1380-1410 ), a poet ,

nephew of the poet Hywel ab Einion Llygliw (q.v.) , and native of the parish of Llangadfan, Mont. According to the elegy composed to him by Rhys Goch Eryri (q.v.) he was a descendant of Einion Yrth ; he is called in Cardiff MS. 18 (190) ‘ chancellor of Hereford cathedral ,’ but no further details or supporting proof are known. One of the most important and able of contemporary poets and well-acquainted with Welsh literature and folklore, he was entertained at some of the famous courts of his period. His work includes poems to Owain Glyndŵr , Sir David Hanmer , Owain ap Maredudd of Neuadd Wen , and Hywel and Meurig Llwyd of Nannau , love and religious poetry, and it is now certain that he is the author of the poem to send the sun to greet Glamorgan , which has also been attributed to Iolo Goch and Dafydd ap Gwilym ( B.B.C.S. , i, 235). The elegy composed by Rhys Goch Eryri on his death forms the opening of that poet 's bardic controversy ( ymryson ) with Llywelyn ap Moel (q.v.) ; Gruffudd is also praised by Llywelyn .

Sources:

  • Jones and Lewis , Mynegai i Farddoniaeth y Llawysgrifau (1928) ;
  • Bodewryd MS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth) 1;
  • Brogyntyn MSS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 1, 2, 5;
  • Cwrtmawr Manuscripts at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 204, 244, 312;
  • Esgair Manuscript at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth) 95 (N.L.W.);
  • Gwysaney MS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth) 25;
  • NLW MSS 643, 1246, 1247, 1559, 2026, 3077, 4710, 5273, 5283, 6511, 6681, 8330, 13071, 13081, 13167, 13168;
  • Lewis , Roberts and Williams , Cywyddau Iolo Goch ac Eraill, 1350–1450 , 1925 , ( Thomas Roberts , lxxviii, 123, 161);
  • Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies , i, 235;
  • Edward Jones , Musical and Poetical Relicks of the Welsh Bards … , 1794 , 39;
  • T. Pennant , A Tour (Tours) in [North] WalesPennant, Thomas , 1883 , iii, 297;
  • 'Dictionary of Welsh Biography.' 27 vols., N.L.W. MSS. 9251–77 ;
  • J. Davies , Antiquæ linguæ Britannicæ et linguæ Latinæ, dictionarium duplex (1632) .

Author:

Ray Looker, (Mrs Ray Morgan), Cardiff / Rhymni

Published date: 1959