Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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GWYNNE family, of Llanelwedd, Rads. It would seem that the ‘ Gwyn ’ family of Llanelwedd began with a younger son of Rhydderch ap Dafydd Goch Gwyn , of the widespread clan of Glanbran , Llandovery (and other seats); there is a very full account of this clan in Old Wales (ed. W. R. Williams ), vols. ii and iii (index); and pedigrees, not always consistent, are printed in Theophilus Jones , Hist. Brecknock , 3rd ed., iii, 199-200, iv, 246-8 (pedigree 21 for Llanelwedd ), and in Bradney , Monmouthshire , I, i, 408-9. RODERICK GWYNNE of Llanelwedd was sheriff of Radnorshire in 1633 ; he was a Cavalier and a commissioner of array . His daughter, SIBIL GWYNNE , m. her kinsman GEORGE GWYNNE of Glanbrân (b. 1623? ), who in 1645 signed the proposals of peace made by the gentry of Carmarthenshire to Rowland Laugharne , and was twice employed as commissioner under Cromwell ; he was M.P. for Radnorshire in 1654 and 1656 ; but he reverted to the Royalists , was M.P. for Radnorshire at the Restoration , and was sheriff of Monmouth (his mother's county) in 1663 . The elder son of this marriage, Sir ROWLAND GWYNNE ( 1660 - 1726 ), went to S. John's College , Oxford , and Gray's Inn , and was M.P. for Radnorshire 1678-85 , Brecknock 1689-90 , 1698 , 1700-1 , and at other times for an English borough — twenty-three years in all. Though knighted ( 1680 ) by Charles II , he was a stout Whig , and is eulogized in Macaulay 's History ; he initiated the ‘association oath’ and was a strong defender of lord chancellor Somers . He held a household office under William and Mary , but fell out of favour in Anne 's reign, and d. 24 Jan. 1725/6 ‘within the Fleet,’ i.e. in impoverished circumstances. What then became of Llanelwedd is nowhere satisfactorily explained, but it emerges later as a property of the Gwynnes of Garth (q.v.) .

Author:

Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor