Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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HERBERT , HENRY ( 1617 - 1656 ) Parliamentary soldier and statesman ,

was the eldest son of William Herbert of Coldbrook, Mon. , and sixth in descent from William Herbert (d. 1469 ), 1st earl of Pembroke . His father, his great-grandfather, and his great-great-uncle Sir William Herbert (d. 1593 ) had all represented Monmouthshire in Parliament and on 31 March 1642 , after education at the Middle Temple (entered 24 June 1634 ) and at Magdalen Hall , Oxford (matriculated 10 Oct. 1634 ), he was elected to the vacancy in the county seat in the Long Parliament caused by the death of Sir Charles Williams of Llangibby . Most of his family were Royalists , but his marriage to Mary , daughter of John Rudyard , grocer , of London (cousin to the opposition leader Sir Benjamin Rudyard ), and perhaps an itch for the Raglan lands that had belonged to his ancestors, made him a Roundhead . He tried in vain to neutralize the Romanist Raglan influences in his county, retained his seat at Westminster till the Long Parliament was dissolved, took the Covenant ( 22 Sept. 1643 ).

He served as colonel in the Parliamentary army in South Wales , capturing Cardiff and Swansea ( Sept. 1645 ), was on the Parliamentary committee for the county in 1646 , and was also appointed ( Aug. 1645 ) a commissioner with the Scottish army . In 1646 his father was made captain of horse in the Roundhead army , and he himself was given £3,000 out of the profits of the earl of Worcester 's woods as compensation for his expenses in the service of Parliament . During the Interregnum he served on the High Court of Justice ( 25 June 1651 ), on the fourth Council of State ( 19 Nov. 1651 ) and several of its committees, as commissioner of taxes ( 1647-52 ) and of militia ( 1654 ) for Monmouthshire and as its member in the first Protectorate Parliament ( 12 July 1654 ).

Sources:

  • A History of Monmouthshire , i, 186, ii, 22;
  • Foster , Alumni Oxonienses ;
  • Sturgess , Register of Admissions to the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, 1501–1944 , 1949 , i, 99;
  • J. R. Phillips , Memoirs of the Civil War in Wales and the Marches, 1642–1649 , 1874 , i, 319, 324, ii, 268-319;
  • Rushworth , Historical Collections of Private Passages of State , 1721 , v, 480;
  • Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series , Record Publication , 1637-8, 603 ;
  • The Journals of the House of Lords , viii, 293;
  • Firth and Rait , Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642–1660 , 1911 , i, 970, ii, 39, 472, 669, 1074;
  • Calendar of the Committee for Advance of Money, 1642–56 . Record Publication, 1888 , ii, 1022;
  • W. R. Williams , The History of the Parliamentary Representation of Wales , 1895 , 123;
  • The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , 1946-7, 82, 94, 96 ;
  • A. H. Dodd , Studies in Stuart Wales , Cardiff, 1952 . 112, 124-5, 157.

Author:

Emeritus Professor Arthur Herbert Dodd, M.A., (1891-1975), Bangor

Published date: 1959