Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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HUGHES , HUGH ( Tegai ; 1805 - 1864 ), Independent minister and man of letters .

Born at Llandygái, Caerns. , 1805 , the son of Thomas and Barbara Hughes , two Anglesey people who were ardent Independents . When the Cororion Independent chapel at Tre-garth , Llandygái , was closed down, he joined the Wesleyans at Shiloh , Tre-garth , and became a lay preacher . He never attended a day school and the only education he received was at the Cororion and Shiloh Sunday schools . He was only a boy when he went to work at the Bethesda slate quarries , where he became a first-rate workman. He read hard and studied unremittingly and his membership of the Bethesda Cymreigyddion Society taught him a great deal. Although he was in full sympathy with the Wesleyan doctrines he did not approve of their system of church government and he, therefore, rejoined the Independents . He accepted a call to be minister of Rhos-lan and later officiated as a minister at Manchester and at Chwilog . At the end of his term at Chwilog he set up his own printing press at Pwllheli where a penny newspaper, Yr Arweinydd , and several of his literary works were printed and published. In 1859 , he became minister of Bethel , Aberdare [for which see under Jones , William , 1814? - 1895 ] where he spent the rest of his days. His books include: Gramadeg Cymraeg, sef Ieithiadur Athronyddol ; Bwrdd y Bardd ; Telyn y Saint ; Ioan yn Ynys Patmos (awdl); Gramadeg Barddoniaeth ; Agoriad Gwybodaeth (a book on composition and public speaking); Adolygiad ar Draethawd Eliseus Cole ar Benarglwyddiaeth ; essays on Llywodraeth Foesol ; Annibyniaeth ; Olyniaeth Apostolaidd ; Moses a Colenso ; Cydwybod ; Y Bedydd Cristionogol ; and Dawn ar Bob Dyn . Tegai worked unceasingly as a preacher , author , and poet and may be justly regarded as a very notable example of a poor country boy who, lacking the advantages of birth and education, taught himself and acquired an honoured position among his contemporaries; Dr. Lewis Edwards praised his Gramadeg and ‘J.R.’ of Llanbryn-mair and Gwilym Hiraethog paid tributes to the excellence of his prose and verse. He d. at Aberdare , 8 Dec. 1864 , and was buried there.


  • Geiriadur Bywgraffyddol o Enwogion Cymru , i, 567-70.


Reverend David Tecwyn Evans, M.A., D.D., (1876-1957), Rhyl

Published date: 1959