Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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HUGHES , THOMAS MCKENNY ( 1832 - 1917 ), geologist ;

b. at Aberystwyth , 17 Dec. 1832 , son of Joshua Hughes (q.v.) , afterwards bishop of S. Asaph . Educated at Leamington , Llandovery , and Trinity College , Cambridge , [from which he matriculated in 1853 , graduated in 1857 , and proceeded M.A. 1867 ; in 1883 he became Fellow of Clare College .] He became secretary to the British consul at Rome , 1860-1 , served on the Geological Survey 1861-73 , and succeeded Adam Sedgwick as Woodwardian Professor of Geology at Cambridge in 1873 , holding the office until 1917 . He was elected vice-president of the Geological Society in 1862 , F.R.S. in 1889 , and was awarded the Lyell Medal by the Geological Society in 1891 . His research publications (more than fifty) relate mainly to the pre-Cambrian and Palaeozoic rocks of Wales and the borders of Lakeland and to glacial and post-glacial phenomena and deposits. His most important research was done during the period of service with the Geological Survey and in the few years following his appointment at Cambridge , after which his professorial duties absorbed more and more of his time. Hughes did much to stimulate interest in geology by reason of his fluency as a lecturer , and his capacity for being on easy terms with both junior and senior members of the university. He m., 1882 , Mary Caroline , daughter of canon G. F. Weston . He d. at Cambridge , 9 June 1917 .


  • Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London , 74, lii-liv;
  • [ Venn , Alumni Cantabrigienses .]


Frederick John North, O.B.E., D.Sc., F.G.S., F.S.A., F.M.A., (1889-1968), Cardiff

Published date: 1959