Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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HUGHES , ALFRED WILLIAM ( 1861 - 1900 ), surgeon and professor ;

b. 31 July 1861 at Aberllefenni, Mer. , youngest son of Robert Hughes , quarry manager . He was educated at the National School , Corris , and Dolgelley grammar school . He was apprenticed to a draper at Dolgelley , but returned to work in the slate quarries at Aberllefenni . He started his medical career with Dr. J. Jones at Corris , and later became a student at Edinburgh University where ( 1884 ) he was appointed demonstrator in anatomy and physiology . Subsequently he studied at Leipzig and in London . He graduated in 1885 , and in 1889 became F.R.C.S. (Edin.) , and two years later F.R.C.S. (Eng.) . He commenced a private practice at Flint ( 1887 ) but returned to Edinburgh to resume his teaching in the School of Medicine . In 1893 he was appointed professor of anatomy at the Medical School of the University College , Cardiff , and in 1897 professor of anatomy at King's College , London . At this time he made numerous and important contributions to the study of anatomy . During the Boer War , Hughes was the originator and organizer of the movement for equipping and supporting the Welsh hospital in South Africa . On the death of several members of the staff he undertook the duty of chief superintendent . While on his way home he developed enteric fever ; he d. 3 Nov. 1900 and was buried at Corris . A Conservative in politics he unsuccessfully contested one of the Caernarvonshire divisions in the Unionist interest.


  • The Lancet , 10 Nov. 1900 ;
  • Cymru (O.M.E.) , 1901 , 181-5;
  • The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , 1932-3 (contains a list of his books and papers).


Idwal Lewis, Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959