Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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JONES , PETER ( Pedr Fardd ; 1775 - 1845 ), poet and hymnist ; b. 17 Sept. 1775 , son of William Jones , a weaver (or tailor ) and country bard , Brynengan , Dolbenmaen, Caerns. He followed his father's trade, but removed while young to Liverpool , where, it is said, he spent some years as schoolmaster , and where he spent the rest of his life. A Calvinistic Methodist , he was elder of the old Pall Mall chapel for many years. As a boy he showed poetic aptitude, and mastered the rules of cynghanedd ; later, many young Welsh bards sought guidance from him. He was successful as an eisteddfod poet ; for example, his ‘ Gwaredigaeth Israel a Dymchweliad yr Aiphtiaid yn y Môr Coch ’ was successful at the Brecon eisteddfod of 1822 . In 1826 he won the bardic chair at the Gwent and Morgannwg eisteddfod , held at Brecon , for his awdl ‘ Rhoddiad y Ddeddf ar Fynydd Sinai ’. Apparently his last competitive poem was the awdl ‘ Cystuddiau, Amynedd, ac Adferiad Job ’ which was unsuccessful in the Liverpool eisteddfod of 1840 ( Eben Fardd being the winning poet ). His published works include Mel Awen ( 1823 ), a volume of poetry; a volume of hymns, some of which have since become very well-known; an account of the Association held at Bala in 1820 ; and a translation entitled ‘ Manteision ac Anfanteision Ystad Priodas .’ He was a contributor to periodicals such as Seren Gomer and Goleuad Gwynedd . He d. at Liverpool , 26 Jan. 1845 , and was buried in the churchyard of S. Paul's there; [ David James ( 1803 - 1871 ) (q.v.) officiated at the funeral. In J. H. Morris , Hanes Methodistiaeth Liverpool , i, 119-24, there are fuller details of Peter Jones 's somewhat troubled career at Liverpool .]

Bibliography:

  • Peter Jones , Awdl ar Gystuddiau, Amynedd ac Adferiad Job , Chester, 1841 (2nd edition) (2nd ed., Chester, 1841 );
  • id., Awdl ar Roddiad y Ddeddf ar Fynydd Sinai testun y gadair yn Eisteddfod Aberhonddu yn y flwyddyn MDCCCXXVI , Liverpool, 1826 (Liverpool, 1826 );
  • id., Catecism Ysgrythyrol, ar ddull corph o Dduwinyddiaeth , Caerleon, .1823 (Chester, 1820? );
  • id., Crynodeb o hanes y gymdeithasfa a gynnaliwyd yn y Bala, y 13 a'r 14 o fis Mehefin, yn y flwyddyn 1820 , Liverpool, 1820 (Liverpool, 1820 );
  • id., Duw yn Amddiffynfa i'w Bobl can newydd ar hen fesur , Liverpool, 1833 (2nd edition) (2nd ed., Liverpool, 1833 );
  • id., Crynoad o Hymnau sef cydymmaith i'r Ysgol Sabbothol; yn dair ran. I. Hymnau ar amrywiol destunau. II. Hymnau ar bennodau yr hyfforddwr, sef catecism y parch. T. Charles. III. Hymnau cenadol , Liverpool, 1830 (Liverpool, 1830 );
  • id., Hymnau i'w canu yn y Gymdeithasfa, a gynnelir ar Sul y Pasg, Ebrill 2, 1820, gan Ysgolion Sabbothol y Trefnyddion Calfinaidd, yn Lerpwl , Liverpool, 1820 , (Liverpool, 1820 );
  • d., Hymnau Newyddion , Liverpool, 1825 (Liverpool, 1825 );
  • id., Manteision ac anfanteision ystad priodas, yn ôl fel yr elir iddi gyda phersonau crefyddol neu anghrefyddol wedi eu gosod allan dan gyffelybiaeth breuddwyd; gydag attodiad, yn yr hwn yr ystyrir y pwngc y'mhellach ac y cadarnheir y rhesymau trwy brofion o hen hanesion Iuddewig , Liverpool, 1817 (Liverpool, 1819 );
  • id., Mel Awen sef gwaith awenyddawl Peter Jones o Llynlleifiad neu Pedr Fardd; yn cynnwys awdlau, englynion, chywyddau, ar amrywiol destunau , Liverpool, 1823 (Liverpool, 1823 );
  • Y Geninen , 1886 , 65 ;
  • Y Traethodydd , 1854 (257), 1900 (278);
  • Transactions of the Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales, Liverpool, 1884 , Liverpool, 1885 (Liverpool, 1884 ), 592;
  • Eminent Welshmen: a short biographical dictionary of Welshmen ... from the earliest times to the present , 1908 ;
  • Hanes Llenyddiaeth Gymreig, 1651–1850 . [1893?] ;
  • ‘Dictionary of Welsh Biography.’ 27 vols., N.L.W. MSS. 9251–77 ;
  • Geirlyfr Bywgraffiadol o Enwogion Cymru , 1870 ;
  • Geiriadur Bywgraffyddol o Enwogion Cymru , i,632;
  • Notable Welshmen (1700–1900) , 1908 ;
  • J. Jones (‘Myrddin Fardd’) , Enwogion Sir Gaernarfon , 1922 .

Author:

Miss Ray Looker, (Mrs Ray Morgan), Cardiff / Rhymni