Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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KENYON family, Gredington, Flints. , and Peel Hall, Lancs.

The settlement in Wales of the family of Kenyon dates from the marriage, c. 1694 , of THOMAS KENYON ( 1668 - 1731 ), fourth son of ROGER KENYON of Peel, Lancs. , with Catherine (b. 1660 ), daughter and heiress of Luke Lloyd (d. 1695 ), of Bryn , in the parish of Hanmer, Flints. , whose family had been long settled in the hundred of Maelor Saesneg , and claimed descent from Rhodri Mawr . Luke Lloyd fought on the side of Parliament , and letters to and from him in 1644 have survived. Sometime, also, during the reign of Charles II , he was imprisoned with Philip Henry (q.v.) on account of his nonconformity.

LLOYD KENYON ( 1696 -[ 1773 ]),

eldest son of Thomas and Catherine Kenyon was b. 17 March 1696 and educated at S. John's College Cambridge . He m., Nov. 1730 Jane , daughter and coheiress of Robert Eddowes of Eagle Hall , Cheshire , by Anne , daughter and heiress of the Rev. Richard Hilton (d. 1706 ) of Gredington , which he purchased from Sir John Hanmer on 9 May 1678 . Hilton was vicar of Hanmer , 1662-1706 . It would seem that the Kenyons moved to Gredington soon after the vicar 's death in 1706 . LLOYD KENYON II second son of the above, was b. at Gredington , 5 Oct. 1732 . Educated at Ruthin grammar school , he was articled in 1749 to Tomkinson , an attorney of Nantwich , Cheshire . On 7 Nov. 1750 he was admitted to the Middle Temple , continuing with Tomkinson until he moved to London in 1755 . After being called to the Bar , on 7 Feb. 1756 , he was mainly dependent for his living on an allowance from his father of £80 a year, together with such work as he got from Tomkinson and other sympathetic neighbours, until he made the acquaintance of Edward Thurlow , soon to become Lord Chancellor , who was glad to have the services of an efficient and painstaking ‘devil.’ Thenceforward he built up an enviable reputation, and at the instigation of the Chancellor , on 30 June 1780 , was created K.C. On 4 Aug. he was sworn chief justice of Chester , Flint , Denbigh , and Montgomery ; and on 13 Nov. he was raised to the bench of the Middle Temple . In Sept. 1780 he was also elected M.P. for Hindon, Wilts. , which he represented until 1784 , when he was returned for Tregony , for which he continued to sit until raised to the peerage . In March 1782 Kenyon was appointed Attorney-General , an office which he held almost continuously until he became Master of the Rolls on 30 March 1784 . He was appointed privy councillor on 12 April and created baronet on 28 July 1784 . On 4 June 1788 he succeeded lord Mansfield as chief justice of the King's Bench , and was created a peer on 9 June with the title ‘ Lord Kenyon, Baron of Gredington, co. Flint .’

During his long career at the Bar , Lord Chief Justice Kenyon was concerned with many interesting cases: as advocate he led the defence of lord George Gordon in 1780 ; as judge , he presided over the trial of Stockdale for libel, in 1789 , and, for a period, over the trial of Warren Hastings ; [he also tried Edward Jones , fl. 1741-1806 , q.v. ]. He was lord lieutenant of the county of Flint 1796-8 , and ‘ Custos Rotulorum ’ from 1796 until his death. He m., 16 Oct. 1773 , at Deane, Lancs. , his cousin Mary , third daughter of George Kenyon of Peel by Peregrina , youngest daughter and coheiress of Robert Eddowes (above), by whom he had three sons — LLOYD ( 1775 - 1800 ), George ( 1776 - 1855 ), and THOMAS ( 1780 - 1851 ). He d. at Bath 4 April 1802 and was succeeded by his second son GEORGE ( 1776 - 1855 ), 2nd lord Kenyon [b. 22 July 1776 ].



George Kenyon was educated at Harrow and Christ Church , Oxford B.A. 1797 ; M.A. 1801 ; D.C.L. 1814 , ‘ Custos Brevium ’ of the Court of King's Bench ; barrister , Middle Temple , 1793 ; bencher 1811 ; reader 1815 ; treasurer 1823 . He m., 1 Feb. 1803 , Margaret Emma ( 1785 - 1815 ), daughter of Sir Thomas Hanmer , bt. , by Margaret , daughter and co-heiress of George Kenyon , only son and heir apparent of George Kenyon of Peel (above); they had three sons and three daughters. He was one of the first vice-presidents of the National Society , and built the ‘ Madras School ’ at Penley, Flints. , the first school to be opened by the Society in Wales . He d. at Gredington , 25 Feb. 1855 and was succeeded by his eldest son,


LLOYD KENYON ( 1805 - 1869 ), 3rd lord Kenyon ,

b. at Gredington 1 April 1805 , and educated at Harrow and Christ Church , Oxford , where he matriculated 1823 , and graduated B.A. 1826 ( M.A. 1829 ). He was M.P. (Tory) for S. Michael's , Cornwall , 1830-2 . He unsuccessfully contested Denbighshire in the election of 1833 . He m., 29 June 1833 , Georgina , youngest daughter of Thomas de Grey , 4th lord Walsingham , by whom he had five sons and five daughters. He d. at Eastbourne [ 24 July 1864 ], was buried at Hanmer , and was succeeded by his grandson, LLOYD ( 1864 - 1927 ), 4th lord Kenyon , son of Lloyd Kenyon ( 1835 - 1865 ) by Fanny Mary Katherine , only child of John Ralph Ormsby-Gore , 1st lord Harlech , by Sarah , youngest daughter and heiress of Sir John Tyssen Tyrell , Bt. , of Boreham House, Essex. [Born 5 July 1864 ], he was pro-chancellor of the University of Wales 1920-7 and president of the University College of North Wales from 1900 to 1927 . [He d. 30 Nov. 1927 .]

Author:



GEORGE THOMAS ( 1840 - 1908 ),

2nd son of the third lord Kenyon [b. 28 Dec. 1840 ], was, like his brothers, educated at Harrow and Christ Church , Oxford . In 1869 he was called to the Bar , but having a political career in view, he never practised. After two narrow defeats in 1874 and 1880 , he was returned for the Denbigh Boroughs division in 1885 , and represented it until 1895 , and again from 1901 to 1906 . He did not stand at the election of 1895 , but in 1897 he unsuccessfully contested East Denbighshire . He had a particular interest in education , and was largely responsible for the passing of the Welsh Intermediate Education Act ; whilst his concern for the development of the Wrexham neighbourhood led him to be the first chairman of the Wrexham and Ellesmere Railway Company . He m., 1875 , Florence Anna , daughter of John Hurleston Leche of Carden , co. Chester , who survived him. [He d. 8 July 1908 .]

Author:



[ Thomas , 3rd son of the first lord Kenyon , had as grandson the eminent Greek and Biblical scholar Sir FREDERIC KENYON ( 1863 - 1952 ), Director of the British Museum .]

Sources:

  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • Reports of the Historical Manuscripts Commission , 14 th R. , App. iv, 1894 ;
  • G. T. Kenyon , The Life of Lloyd, First Lord Kenyon, Lord Chief Justice of England , London, 1873 , 1873 ;
  • [ Burke's … Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage ;
  • Venn , Alumni Cantabrigienses ].

Author:

Lord Kenyon, Ll.D., F.S.A., (1917-93), Whitchurch, Shropshire

Published date: 1959