Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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LLWYD ( LLOYD ), MORGAN ( 1619 - 1659 ), littérateur, poet, mystic .

Born at Cynfal , in the parish of Maentwrog , Merioneth . During 1634-5 he was in school at Wrexham , and was for some time later at Brampton Bryan , Llanfair Waterdine , Shropshire , noted home of learning. He had an experience of ‘conversion’ under the ministry of Walter Cradoc , who was at the time a curate at Wrexham . He followed him to South Wales and became identified with the group that founded the first Dissenting church in Wales , at Llanfaches, Mon. He served with the Parliamentary forces during the first and second Civil Wars , and was deeply influenced by the tenets of the fifth monarchy men . In 1647 he settled at Wrexham , with his home at Bryn-y-ffynnon , and ministered to the ‘gathered church’ of that town. He was appointed an ‘ Approver ’ under the 1650 Act for the Propagation … of the Gospel in Wales , and laboured extensively as an itinerant preacher .

He wrote a considerable amount of poetry , including many of the Psalms and portions of the Canticles in metre, and books in English and Welsh , which include the famous classic, Llyfr y Tri Aderyn . His extant works were issued in two volumes by the University of Wales , the first in 1899 and the second in 1908 . Later discoveries, amounting to another volume (in N.L.W. ), await publication. He fore-ran the Quakers in Wales , interpreting their teachings even in his earliest writings. He also translated, from the English , some of the works of Jacob Boehme , the German mystic , disseminating his tenets among the Welsh . He took a prominent part in the political affairs of the Commonwealth period . His intense dislike of Cromwell 's acceptance of the title ‘ Lord Protector ’ being known, his name was included or the protest known as A Word for God , but he definitely denies having any part in this document. In 1656 , he was approved by the ‘ Triers ’ as a minister settled in Wrexham , and the Trustees for Maintenance are requested to pay him £100 per annum.

He d. in June 1659 and his remains were buried at the Rhos-ddu Dissenting burial-ground , Wrexham , where a monument was unveiled in 1912 .

Sources:

  • E. Lewis Evans , Morgan Llwyd ymchwil i rai o'r prif ddylanwadau a fu arno , Liverpool, 1930 , and the authorities cited therein.

Author:

Rev. Dr. Evan Lewis Evans, D.Th., (1898-1978), Pontardulais / Swansea

Published date: 1959