Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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LLYWELYN FAWR and LLYWELYN FYCHAN ( fl. early 13th cent. ).

The sons of Maredudd ap Cynan . In spite of the breach between their father and Llywelyn I , they were friendly towards Llywelyn from 1215 onwards. The lordship of Merioneth , lost to the family in 1202 , may indeed have been restored to them as early as 1221 . Though they were confirmed in possession of the ‘cantref’ by Henry III in 1241 , both fought on the side of Dafydd II in 1245 . After that date there is no further mention of either of them.

In 1255 the death is recorded of Maredudd , lord of Merioneth , almost certainly the son of the elder Llywelyn . With the expulsion in 1256 of the latter's son, also Llywelyn , for treachery against Llywelyn II , Merioneth passed finally out of the possession of the descendants of Cynan ab Owain Gwynedd . Madog , the son of this last Llywelyn , was the rebel leader of 1294 .

Sources:

  • A History of Wales: from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest ;
  • Collections Historical and Archaeological relating to Montgomeryshire , i, 255;
  • Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies , xiii, 207.

Author:

Professor Thomas Jones Pierce, M.A., F.S.A., (1905-1964), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959