Towards the middle of the 9th cent. , during a period of adversity for Powys , a story-teller of that province composed a cycle of tales about Llywarch and his sons. These contained englynion , which alone are extant as a result of having been copied into the Red Book of Hergest , col. 1026-49 (although a few also appear in earlier MSS). The stories were woven around the names of Llywarch and some of his genuine contemporaries in the old North , as found in the pedigrees, but these dramatic tales are located on the eastern borders of Powys . A well-established tradition that Llywarch was a poet and a native of Powys resulted from these romances, and the same source gave rise to the pedigrees of his sons which appear in Dwnn ( Visitations ) and the descent from him of the leading families of Penllyn and the surrounding country, together with the legend of his burial in Llanfor , and the association of his name with the old remains there and elsewhere in Wales . The unravelling of the recorded facts concerning the historical Llywarch from these legendary accretions is the work of Sir Ifor Williams , on whose researches this note is entirely based.
David Myrddin Lloyd, M.A., (1909-81), Aberystwyth / Scotland
Published date: 1959