Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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PHILLIMORE , EGERTON GRENVILLE BAGOT ( 1856 - 1937 ), scholar .

Born 20 Dec. 1856 at 21, Chester Square , London , son of John George Phillimore (d. 1865 ) of Shiplake House , near Henley-on-Thames , queen's councillor , an authority on canon law , like other members of his family, and Member of Parliament for Leominster ( 1852-7 ), and his wife, Rosalind Margaret , daughter of lord justice Knight-Bruce . He was educated at Windersham House , Amesbury , Westminster School , and Christ Church , Oxford , where he graduated B.A. in 1879 and M.A. in 1883 . In 1877 he was admitted to the Middle Temple .

He was twice m.: (1), 1880 , to Susan Elizabeth (d. 1893 ), eldest daughter of Richard Barner Roscoe of Accrington , who bore him one son and three daughters; (2), 1897 , to Marion Catherine (d. 1904 ), daughter of Richard Owen , of Anglesey and Liverpool . On his father's side he claimed connection with the Salusburys and Bagots of Bachymbyd , while on his mother's side he was related to the Bruces and Knights of Glamorgan and Devon .

During and after his term at Oxford his interest in Welsh studies was awakened through the influence and friendship of John Rhys , J. Loth , Whitley Stokes , and other scholars. He began to learn Welsh in 1880 and mastered the language thoroughly. Early in his career he resided at Shiplake House , living a gentleman's life until money worries forced him to sell his home to his cousin, lord Phillimore . Financial and other worries troubled him a great deal, especially after his second marriage. He had an intimate knowledge of Wales , her language and history, and had stayed in different parts of the country before finally settling down in Corris , Merioneth , about 1903 , and there, for the rest of his life, he lived alone with his books and his cats.

He had a good library and a collection of Welsh manuscripts which are now in the National Library of Wales . He devoted his life to Celtic studies and published learned articles and notes on Welsh history, topography, place-names, personal names, and mythology . The fruits of his fine scholarship are mainly preserved in periodicals and the works of others — in Owen 's Pembrokeshire , Gossiping Guide to Wales , Bye-Gones , Y Cymmrodor , and Archaeologia Cambrensis . The only work to appear under his own name, Welsh Ædoeology — a collection of Welsh pornographic literature — was published in Germany - see Studia Celtica , 6 ( 1971 ), 99-102 .

He was editor of the Cymmrodor in 1889-91 . His literary output was disappointingly small, and a store of learning was lost when this rather eccentric scholar d. at Corris on 5 June 1937 .


  • Y Faner , 1 Jan. 1941 ;
  • Who's who in Wales , 1921 and 1933 ;
  • Burke's Landed Gentry , 1871 , 1089-90;
  • Western Mail , 4 June 1937 ;
  • The Montgomeryshire County Times , 5, June 1937 ;
  • Alumni Oxonienses


Dr Bertie George Charles, Ph.D., (1908-2000), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959