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PHILIPPS , JENKIN THOMAS (d. 1755 ), tutor and author ;

a native of Llansawel, Carms. He studied at the University of Basle , Switzerland , where, in 1707 , he delivered a Latin oration on the ‘ Uses of Travel ,’ which was published in London in 1715 . He held a position in the English court as early as 1715 , when he wrote in Latin and French a Discours touchant I'origine et le progris de la religion chrétienne parmi la nation britannique, présenté au Roi . The Latin version (3rd ed.) was republished in the author's Dissertationes quatuor ( London , 1735 ). An accomplished linguist , he was a private tutor of languages between 1717 and 1720 , and wrote a book on his methods of teaching, under the title A Compendious way of teaching ancient and modern languages ( London , 2nd ed., 1723 ). Some time before 1726 he became tutor to the children of George II , including William Augustus , duke of Cumberland , for whose use he wrote some Latin grammars and readers . In addition to many Latin dissertations on theological and ecclesiastical subjects, he published several English works on various topics, such as the laws and constitution of Denmark , and biographies of royal personages. He left in his will £60 a year towards the maintenance of a free school in his native parish, but d. 22 Feb. 1755 without signing the will.


  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and authorities cited therein;
  • Cymru yn hanesyddol, parthedegol, a bywgraphyddol (1875) ;
  • British Museum. Catalogue of Printed Books (1882) .


John James Jones, M.A., (1892-1957), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959