A ‘ Can Gwirod neu Wyl Fair ’ (in Pen. MS. 245 ) is also attributed to him. Gruffydd wrote many englynion , including ‘ Englynion pan oeddynt yn bwrw Castell Harlech i lawr ,’ six prefaced to Rowland Vaughan 's translation of Lewis Bayly 's Practice of Piety and another set of six printed at the beginning of Ystyriaethau Drexelius ar Dragwyddoldeb , 1661 . Gruffydd Phylip d. in 1666 .
Compared with the other Phylipiaid he was not a prolific writer, only four cywyddau by him being extant as far as is known. They are: ( a ) ‘ Cowydd i Mr. Gruffydd Van o Gors y Gedol yw groesawu Adref or ysgol ’; ( b ) ‘ Marwnad Mr. Moris Wynn o Faesneuadd Esquier Enwog ’; ( c ) ‘ Cowydd Moliant i Owen Wynn o'r Glyn, Esq., pan oedd ef yn Sirif yn Sir Feirionydd ’; and ( d ) ‘ Marwnad William Phylip Hendre fechan .’
Of the carolau one of the most interesting types is that called ‘ Karol Wyl Fair wrth Wirota .’ One of these, beginning ‘ Dyma wirod Mair yn dyfod ,’ is attributed in Blodeu-Gerdd , 1759 , to William Phylip , where it is called ‘ Carol i'r Gwirod, ar Don Deuair .’ The manuscripts, however, do not agree in attributing this particular example to him, but there is probably no doubt that one in Bangor MS. 401 in his autograph entitled ‘ Karol Wyl Fair wrth wirota ar fesur byrr ’ is by him. Examples of the many englynion by William Phylip are ( a ) the series relating to the siege and fall of Harlech castle ; ( b ) four ‘ Englynion marwnad Coronel Wil: Wyn o Ddyffryn Melai ,’ who was killed in 1643 ; ( c ) ‘ Englynion o gwyn pan fu Rowlant Fychan Caergai yn y Rhyfel ,’ and three others relating to the fate of Caergai and Ynys-maengwyn ; ( d ) five ‘ Englynion Croeso i Arglwydd Mowddwy ’; ( e ) ‘ Pan dorwyd pen y brenin ’; and ( f ) ‘ Englynion i'r Rowndied. … ’ There are several englynion written to women; englynion of a religious or didactic character are also exceedingly numerous; sixteen englynion ‘ Y Llyfr at y darlleydd ’ are printed at the beginning of Ystyriaethau Drexelius , 1661 . ‘ Englynion ffarwel i hendre fechan ’ are in some manuscripts called ‘ Englynion ar henaint .’ In B.M. Add. MS. 1493 is contained a Welsh grammar and prosody by William Phylip , much of it in his autograph.
Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth
Published date: 1959