Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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PICTON , Sir THOMAS ( 1758 - 1815 ), a soldier ;

b. in Aug. 1758 , a younger son of Thomas Picton of Poyston, Pembs. He was commissioned in 1771 as ensign in the 12th regiment , then commanded by his uncle, but did not see active service until the capture of S. Lucia in 1796 . His period of office as military governor of Trinidad occasioned violent controversy. His reputation was mainly due to his command of the ‘fighting’ 3rd division in the Peninsular War , but his name was omitted from the lists of generals raised to the peerage at the conclusion of the campaign. Bitterly disappointed, he returned to Carmarthenshire with a view to contesting a parliamentary election, but was recalled to command the 5th Division after Napoleon 's escape from Elba . He concealed the severe wound which he received at Quatre Bras and was killed in action at Waterloo , 18 June 1815 . Monuments were erected to his memory at S. Paul's cathedral and at Carmarthen .


  • H. B. Robinson , Memoirs of Lieutenant - General Sir Thomas Picton, G. C. B. & C. including his correspondence, from originals in possesion of his family (London, 1835) , two vols., 1835;
  • West Wales Historical Records (1910–29) , xii, 133-62, xiii, 1-32.


Professor Samuel Henry Fergus Johnston, M.A., (1908-91), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959