Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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PRYSE family, of Gogerddan, Cards. This family traces its descent from Gwaeth-foed , lord of Ceredigion , etc. The first member to be associated with the northern part of the county of Cardigan , i.e., with Gogerddan , was probably RHYS AP ( Burke , Peerage , Baronetage …, 1936 ed.), to whom poems were written by various bards , e.g., Siôn Ceri , Huw Arwystli , Mathew Brwmffild , and Lewis Môn ( N.L.W. Cwrtmawr MS. 12 ). The bard Lewis Trefnant has a cywydd ( Cwrtmawr MS. 12 ) which was written when David Lloyd went on a pilgrimage to Rome , whilst in the same manuscript is a poem written by Gutyn Coch Brydydd to Rhys and to his father, David Lloyd . Ieuan ap Rhydderch ap Ieuan Lloyd , gentleman and bard , of Glyn Aeron , was probably a great-uncle of David Lloyd ; Ieuan ap Rhydderch , who is separately noticed, was the son of a one-time owner of ‘ Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch ,’ ‘ The White Book of Roderick ,’ now Pen. MSS. 425 in N.L.W. (The present whereabouts of ‘ Llyfr Gwyrdd Gogerddan ,’ ‘ The Green Book of Gogerddan ’ are not known).

The pedigree of the family up to the year 1588 is given by Lewis Dwnn ( Visitations , i, 44-5), based, probably, on tables compiled by Thomas Jones ( c. 1530 - 1609 ), Fountain Gate , Tregaron (q.v.) ; see also the pedigree in Pen. MS. 156 as printed in West Wales Hist. Records , i, 3-4. As details for subsequent generations are given in Burke , T. Nicholas , Annals of … County Families of Wales , i, 207-9, and in other works there is no need to enlarge on all the members of the family or of its branches in this article.

JOHN PRYSE , grandson of Rhys ap David Lloyd and barrister at law , was a member of the Council of the Marches , and represented Cardiganshire in Parliament at various times between 1553 and 1572 . His will was proved on 7 Dec. 1584 . He had m. Elizabeth , daughter of Sir Thomas Perrot , of Haroldston , Pembrokeshire (see the article Perrot ) — see ‘ Cywydd i Siôn Prys o Gogerddan ’ (with a reference to Elizabeth ) by Owain Gwynedd in Cwrtmawr MS. 12 — and by her was the father of Sir RICHARD PRYSE ( knighted 1603 ), who had been admitted to the Inner Temple , Nov. 1584 . Sir Richard Pryse , who was high sheriff of Cardiganshire in 1604 , and represented the county in Parliament on three occasions, d. in Feb. 1622/3 , and was succeeded by his son, Sir JOHN PRYSE , who had been admitted to the Inner Temple , Nov. 1608 , and was the father of Sir RICHARD PRYSE (d. 1651 ), 1st baronet of Gogerddan (created 1641 ). He was Member of Parliament for Cardiganshire , 1646-8 . He m. (1) Hester , daughter of Sir Hugh Myddelton , bart (q.v.) , and (2) Mary , widow of Anthony Van Dyck , the well-known painter . He was succeeded by his son, Sir RICHARD PRYSE , 2nd baronet , who, in turn, was followed by his brother, Sir THOMAS PRYSE , 3rd baronet . The 3rd baronet was succeeded, in 1682 , by his nephew, Sir CARBERY PRYSE (d. 1695 ), 4th baronet , who figures in D.N.B. During his time ( c. 1690 ) mines were discovered on his estate, at Bwlch yr Esgair Hir — the ‘ Welsh Potosi ’ mines as they came to be called. For various reasons, given in D.N.B. and the sources named therein Sir Carbery Pryse discovered that the company which he formed to work the mines was not destined to prosper to the extent that had been expected, and when he d., in 1695 , the company was greatly in debt. After his death, Sir Humphrey Mackworth (q.v.) acquired his shares. As Sir Carbery died unmarried, the baronetcy expired, the estates devolving upon EDWARD PRYSE and afterwards upon LEWIS PRYSE ( 1684 - 1720 ), Member of Parliament for Cardiganshire and for the Cardigan borough . As Lewis Pryse left no son — he had m. Ann , daughter of John Lloyd of Aberllefenni — the property went to his cousin, THOMAS PRYSE , Member of Parliament for Cardiganshire , 1741-3 , whose only son, JOHN PRYSE , represented both Cardiganshire ( 1761 ) and Merionethshire in Parliament (for references to him, and to his mother, Maria Charlotte Pryse , see the Schedule of Rug Muniments in N.L.W. ). John Pugh Pryse d., unmarried, 13 Jan. 1774 , and was succeeded by his cousin, LEWIS PRYSE ( 1716 - 1779 ), of New Woodstock, Oxon. , whose daughter, MARGARET ( PRYSE ) , m. EDWARD LOVEDEN , of Buscot, Berks. — whence the presence of Buscot documents among the Gogerddan muniments in N.L.W. ( N.L.W. Annual Report , 1948-9 ).

The heir of Margaret ( Pryse ) and Edward Loveden Loveden was PRYSE PRYSE ( 1774 - 1849 ), whose grandson, Sir PRYSE PRYSE ( 1838 - 1906 ), became the 1st baronet (created 28 July 1866 ) of the present line. ‘ Plas Gogerddan ’ and much of the estate was acquired by Aberystwyth University College in Aug. 1950 .

Bibliography:

  • Most of the sources used here have been named in the article;
  • to them add Inner Temple Registers and W. R. Williams , The History of the Parliamentary Representation of Wales , 1895 .

Author:

Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth

Corrections and additions:

PRYSE (FAMILY), Gogerddan, Cards. Sir Pryse Pryse , bart . ( 1838 - 1906 ) ( DWB , 808) was succeeded by three of his sons: Edward ( 1862 - 1918 ); Lewes ( 1864 - 1946 ) who was primarily responsible for initiating the movement to found the Royal Welsh Agricultural Show ; and George ( 1870 - 1948 ) who in turn was followed by his only son Pryse Loveden Pryse-Saunders (b. 12 Nov. 1896 ), the fifth and last baronet. Even before the end of World War I parts of the estate had been sold in order to meet increasing debts and family commitments. As he had no heir and very little prior association with north Cardiganshire , he found little difficulty in selling the mansion and the remaining estate of 3,839 acres to the Univ. Coll. Aberystwyth to accommodate its famous Welsh Plant Breeding Station . Sir Pryse thereafter resided at Glanrhydw, Carms. , until his death in a London hospital 5 Jan. 1962 .

Bibliography:

  • Personal research;
  • Who was who? .

Author:

Dr David Jenkins, C.B.E., M.A., D.Litt., (1912-2002), Penrhyn-coch, Aberystwyth