Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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RHYS GRYG (‘ Rhys the Hoarse ,’ d. 1234 ), prince ; he is also called ‘ Rhys Fychan ’,

and both names are given him in the panegyric addressed to him by Prydydd y Moch ’ ( Llywarch ap Llywelyn , q.v.) , and printed in Myv. Arch. , i, 292-4. He was the fourth son of the lordRhys ap Gruffydd ( 1132 - 1197 ) (q.v.) , by Gwenllian , daughter of Madog ap Maredudd (q.v.) of Powys . He was an unreliable man, who rebelled against his father, played off one of his brothers against another, and played off king John against Llywelyn ap Iorwerth . Physical bravery he certainly had, but no consistency can be discovered in his actions — other than self-seeking; for his career, see Lloyd , History of Wales (consult index). From 1215 , he was tolerably loyal to Llywelyn ap Iorwerth , who at the Aberdovey council of 1216 confirmed him in the possession of the greater part of Cantref Mawr and Cantref Bychan , and of the commotes of Cydweli and Carnwyllion . Under Llywelyn 's banner, he joyfully stormed Norman castles in South Wales , but in one such onset (the attack on Carmarthen castle , in 1234 ), he was mortally wounded — he d. at Llandeilo-fawr , and was buried at S. Davids . There is an elegy upon him in Myv. Arch. , i, 543, attributed there to Dewi Mynyw or to Prydydd y Moch — but on p. 384 of the volume, the same poem is attributed to Prydydd Bychan (q.v.) .


Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor

Published date: 1959