Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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ROBERTS , RICHARD ( 1796 - 1855 ), harpist ; according to M. Davies ( Meurig Idris ) he was born in the commote of Ardudwy , Merioneth , but John Parry ( Bardd Alaw ) said that his birthplace was Cefn-y-mein , Llŷn, Caerns. He became blind at the age of 8, following an attack of smallpox . Taught to play the harp by the famous harpist William Williams (‘ Wil Penmorfa ’), he became one of the most accomplished players on the triple harp in his period. He won the silver harp offered at the Wrexham eisteddfod of 1820 , and the gold harp at the Denbigh eisteddfod of 1828 . He adjudicated much — e.g. at the Abergavenny eisteddfod , 1843 , and the Rhuddlan eisteddfod , 1850 . Cambrian Harmony , which he published in 1829 , contains thirty airs, twenty of them appearing for the first time. He was the teacher of several harpists who afterwards became well known. He d. 28 June 1855 , and was buried in Llanbeblig churchyard, near Caernarvon .

Bibliography:

  • Nicholas Bennett and D. Emlyn Evans , Alawon fy Ngwlad and , 1896 ;
  • M. O. Jones , Bywgraffiaeth Cerddorion Cymreig , National Eisteddfod Association publication, 1890 ;
  • R. Griffith , Llyfr Cerdd Dannau , 1913 .

Author:

Robert David Griffith, M.A., (1877-1958), Old Colwyn

Corrections and additions:

ROBERTS , RICHARD ( harpist ); DWB , 875). Read ( 1769 - 1855 ) (not ‘ 1796 ’). Since John Parry (‘ Bardd Alaw ’; DWB , 736) referred to him in 1808 as a very good harpist who had been collecting the works of the poets for many years, 1769 should be accepted as his year of birth, as given by R. Griffith in Cerdd Dannau . [ Llanbeblig register of burials, Richard Roberts , Bangor St. , was buried 4 July 1855 aged 86].