Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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ROWLAND , DANIEL ( 1713 - 1790 ), Methodist cleric ; b. at Pantybeudy , Nantcwnlle, Cards. , son of Daniel and Janet Rowland — his father holding the living of Nantcwnlle and Llan-geitho . According to tradition, he was educated at Hereford grammar school . He was ordained deacon in 1734 and priest in 1735 , and became his brother John 's curate in the above-mentioned places. In 1734 he m. Eleanor Davies of Caer-llugest . He experienced a profound spiritual conviction under the ministry of Griffith Jones (q.v.) , c. 1735 , and began to thunder against the people's sins. On the advice of Philip Pugh (q.v.) he modified his style and preached grace rather than the law. He began to travel up and down the country, and in 1737 met Howel Harris (q.v.) ; the result was that, before long, these two had joined forces to push forward the great Methodist revival in Wales . Disagreement arose between him and Harris , against whom he published, in 1750 , Ymddiddan rhwng Methodist Uniawngred ac un Cyfeiliornus . In 1752 there was a complete split between them and he now became the leader of ‘Rowland's people,’ as his followers were known. In 1760 his brother was drowned at Aberystwyth and the revivalist 's son was given the living of Llangeitho . For some time he was his son's curate and built a meeting-house near the parish church for his own services, but c. 1763 he was, for some reason or other, deprived of his curacy. In 1767 the parishioners of Nantcwnlle vainly appealed for his return. From that time on he chose to stay with his people in the ‘ New Church ’ at Llangeitho , although he was offered the comfortable living of Newport, Pembs. , in 1769 . He d. 16 Oct. 1790 , and was buried at Llangeitho 20 Oct. , ‘at the age of 77,’ according to the parish register.

Daniel Rowland was, above all, a preacher , and for a long time made Llangeitho the Mecca of Welsh Methodists . Thousands flocked there from every part on Communion Sunday, and he exercised a profound influence on the spiritual life of his generation . Small books of his sermons were published in 1739 , 1762 , 1772 (two volumes), and 1775 . Some of them were translated into English and were published in 1774 , 1775 , and 1788 . He also wrote a number of hymns ’ for the early collections, such as Llwybur Hyffordd i'r Cymry , 1740 , and Sail, Dibenion, etc. , 1742 . Six of his hymns will be found at the end of Marw i'r Ddeddf, etc. , 1743 , nineteen in Hymnau Duwiol, etc. , 1744 , and he published a small collection of Hymnau Duwiol in 1745 . His last collection was published in 1772 under the title Pum Pregeth ac Amryw o Hymnau . He was a pioneer of the Welsh hymn before William Williams of Pantycelyn had begun to write hymns. He translated some English books into Welsh , e.g. Bunyan 's Holy War , 1744 ; Aceldama , 1759 ; Wetherall 's Fifteen Sermons , 1762 ; and the elder Thomas Boston 's The Crook in the Lot , 1769 .

His eldest son was



JOHN ROWLAND ; b. 14 Oct. 1735 , ordained deacon , 1757 , and priest , 1758 . In 1760 he was given the living of Llangeitho . He went to Jesus College , Oxford , in 1757 ; Foster does not say that he graduated (incidentally, he calls his father John and gives the date of his admission as 1767 ); yet he is described as M.A. He was curate at S. Mary's , Shrewsbury , in 1761 , and curate of Clive , 1783-1810 . He was a master at Shrewsbury school , 1771-98 . He d. 28 Nov. 1815 . His wife was Mary , daughter of the Rev. William Gorsuch of Shrewsbury . Two of his sons may be mentioned:

(a) WILLIAM ROWLAND ( 1770 - 1851 ), vicar of S. Mary's , Shrewsbury , and prebendary of Lichfield , and


(b) DANIEL ROWLAND ( 1778 - 1839 ) , antiquary , patron of the fine arts , and philanthropist .

Another of his sons was Nathaniel Rowland (q.v.) .

Bibliography:

  • J. Owen , Hanes bywyd a gweinidogaeth y Parchedig Daniel Rowlands, (gynt o Langeitho), ynghyd a chofiant byr am yr enwogion canlynol, sef William Salesbury, William Morgan, Richard Davies, Richard Parry, Dr. Davies, o Fallwyd, Archddiacon Prys, Rowland Heylin, Syr Thomas Myddleton , 1839 , 1839 (Eng. ed. 1848 );
  • M. Davies , Cofiant y Parch. Daniel Rowland , 1871 , 1871 ;
  • D. Worthington , Cofiant y Parch. Daniel Rowland, Llangeitho , Lampeter, 1905 , 1905 (2nd imp. 1923 );
  • Y Tadau Methodistaidd , 1895 , i, 41-70;
  • D. J. Odwyn Jones , Daniel Rowland, Llangeitho , Llandysul, 1938 , 1938 ;
  • Cylchgrawn Cymdeithas Hanes y Methodistiaid Calfinaidd , vii, 34; xii, 41-72, 111; xiv, 90; xix, 125; xx, 155; xxvi, 36; xxviii, 165; xxix, 33; xxx, 80;
  • Heddiw , iii, 378;
  • Y Cymmrodor , xxii, 62;
  • Archaeologia Cambrensis , xcix, 151;
  • Horsfall-Turner , Walks and Wanderings in County Cardigan , 1902 , 254-7;
  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • The National Library of Wales Journal , i, 167;
  • Episcopal Registers and The Records of the Church in Wales at the National Library of Wales , N.L.W.;
  • Foster Alumni Oxonienses . — the points raised in the article should be noted, but the date of admission and the connection with Shrewsbury school and with W. G. Rowland suggests that this is the man he had in mind; 1767 is probably a misprint.

Author:

Rev. Gomer Morgan Roberts, M.A., (1904-93), Pont-rhyd-y-fen / St Dogmael's / Llandybïe