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SAMUEL , EDWARD ( 1674 - 1748 ), cleric, poet, and author ;

b. in Cwt-y-Defaid in the parish of Penmorfa, Caerns. He came to the notice of Humphrey Humphreys (q.v.) , bishop of Bangor , who helped with his education and advised him to prepare for orders. He went to Oxford , matriculating from Oriel College , 19 May 1693 , as ‘ pauper puer ’; Thomas , S. Asaph , describes him as B.A. He became rector of Betws Gwerfil Goch , 4 Nov. 1702 , but exchanged it, 21 Jan. 1721 , for that of Llangar , where he remained until his death on 8 April 1748 . Two sons became clergymen EDWARD SAMUEL ( 1710 - 1762 ), rector of Llanddulas ( 1735-47 ), and his father's immediate successor at Llangar , and WILLIAM SAMUEL ( 1713 - 1765 ), rector of Nantglyn , 1743-65 , and father of Dr. David Samwell (q.v.) .

Edward Samuel wrote some poems in free metre; for examples see ( a ) Blodeugerdd , 1759 ; ( b ) Llu o Ganiadau, neu Gasgliad o Garolau a Cherddi … o Gasgliad W. Jones, Bettws Gwerfil Goch ( Oswestry , 1798 ); ( c ) Eos Ceiriog , 1823 ; and (d) B.M. Add. MS. 14961 . Sermons by him were published ( 1731 and 1766 ), but his most important original work in prose was Bucheddau'r Apostolion a'r Efengylwyr ( Shrewsbury , Thomas Jones , 1704 , and other eds.). The following works translated by him were also published — ( a ) Gwirionedd y Grefydd Gristionogol ( 1716 , etc.) — from the original by Hugo Grotius ; ( b ) Holl Ddyledswydd Dyn ( Shrewsbury , 1718 ); ( c ) Prif Ddyledswyddau Christion, sef Angenrhaid a Mawrlles Gweddi Gyffredin a Mynych Gymmuno ( Shrewsbury , John Rhydderch , 1722/3 ; 1793 ed. printed at Chester ) — from the original by William Beveridge , bishop of S. Asaph ; the first of the two works, published together, was dedicated to judge Robert Price (q.v.) , Giler, Denbs. , and the second to Watkin Williams Wynne [ sic ], Wynstay [ sic ], and ( d ) Athrawiaeth yr Eglwys ( Caerlleon , Roger Adams , 1731 ), being versions of two separate works, the one by Peter Nourse , and the other by William Wake , archbishop of Canterbury . A facsimile of a letter written by Samuel ( 1 March 1703/4 ) to Edward Lhuyd (q.v.) can be seen in Richard Ellis , Facsimiles of Letters of Oxford Welshmen .

Sources:

  • To the sources named in the text add Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • Eminent Welshmen: a short biographical dictionary of Welshmen ... from the earliest times to the present (1908)
  • Foster , Alumni Oxonienses ;
  • NLW MSS 9273, 14104 (an essay submitted to the national eisteddfod at Corwen, 1919);
  • Additional Letters of the Morrises of Anglesey (1735-86). Y Cymmrodor , xlix, (1947-9) (index);
  • Thomas , A History of the Diocese of St. Asaph , i, 44, ii, 138.

Author:

Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959