Dictionary of Welsh Biography


A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z



VAUGHAN family of Corsygedol , in the parish of Llanddwywe, Mer.

The pedigree of this illustrious North Wales family as given by Lewis Dwnn , deputy-herald-at-arms (q.v.) , and by other genealogists, begins (normally) with the union of Osbwrn Wyddel (q.v.) and the daughter and heiress of the old Welsh family of Corsygedol , this daughter being a ward of Llywelyn the Great . Details of the pedigree were given to Dwnn , when he visited Corsygedol in 1588 , by GRIFFITH VAUGHAN , head of the house, and (in that year) high sheriff of Merioneth . This Griffith Vaughan rebuilt Corsygedol in 1592/3 , added the Corsygedol chapel to Llanddwywe church , and d. 9 Nov. 1616 , being buried at Llanddwywe . An earlier GRIFFITH VAUGHAN was associated with Dafydd ap Ieuan ab Einion (q.v.) , his cousin, in the defence of Harlech castle against the Yorkists ; it was this Griffith Vaughan who is said to have built ‘ Y Tŷ Gwyn in Bermo ’ ‘in order to enable him to communicate more safely, relative to the invasion of England , with Jasper Tudor , earl of Pembroke , uncle of Henry of Richmond , afterwards Henry VII ’ ( W. W. E. Wynne , quoted in E. Rosalie Jones , Hist. of Barmouth ; see also ‘ Cywydd moliant Gruffydd Vychan ap Gruffydd ab Einion o Gorsygedol rhyfelwr gyda'r Brenin Henry VII ,’ written by the bard Tudur Penllyn (q.v.) . Robert Vaughan , the antiquary , of Hengwrt q.v.) , says that Jasper Tudor ‘lay in Corsygedol , when he fled to France in the time of Edward IV ,’ Vaughan adding that, ‘as some say,’ Henry , earl of Richmond , was with him. Griffith Vaughan 's wife was Lowry , niece of Owain Glyn Dwr .

Dwnn gives the following pedigree for the Griffith Vaughan of 1588 : Griffith Vaughan , son of Richard , son of Rhys , son of William , son of Griffith Vaughan , esquire of the body to Henry VII , and third son of Griffith , son of Einion , son of Griffith , son of Llywelyn , son of Cynwrig , son of Osbwrn Wyddel . From the 16th cent. downwards to the end of the 18th cent. the pedigree can be seen in many printed and manuscript sources, e.g. quite conveniently in J. E. Griffith , Pedigrees ( 1914 ), 279. There is also a general account of Corsygedol and the Vaughans in Arch. Camb. , vi ( 1875 ), 1-16; this account was edited and annotated by W. W. E. Wynne of Peniarth from a transcript by Angharad Llwyd (q.v.) from a Mostyn manuscript compiled in 1770 by William Vaughan (below). Various members of the family, as shown by Edward Breese in Kalendars of Gwynedd , served as high sheriffs of Merioneth (and some of Caernarvonshire ), or as knights of the shire or Custodes Rotulorum . Richard Vaughan became constable of Harlech castle in July 1704 , his nephew , Evan Lloyd Vaughan (d. 1791 ) becoming constable fifty years later.

WILLIAM VAUGHAN (d. 1633 ) was high sheriff of Caernarvonshire in 1613 and 1632 ; he rebuilt Plas Hen , Llanystumdwy , 1607 , and the gate-house at Corsygedol , 1630 . ‘He was a great friend of Ben Jonson , the poet , who made him a present of his works.’ (See also James Howell (q.v.) in Epistolae Ho-Elianae ). His son RICHARD VAUGHAN (d. 1636 ) became well known in London as the abnormally stout Member of Parliament for Merioneth . He m. Anne , daughter of John Owen , Clenennau (q.v.) . WILLIAM VAUGHAN (d. 1669 ) their son m. Anne , daughter of the house of Nannau (q.v.) , and thus united two families which had already been on friendly terms. Their eldest son, GRIFFITH VAUGHAN , d. without issue in 1697 ; the second son, RICHARD VAUGHAN (d. 1734 ), maintained the line. By his wife Margaret , daughter of Sir Evan Lloyd of Bodidris , Denbs . (see the article on the family), he became the father of WILLIAM VAUGHAN ( 1707 - 1775 ) (below), whose wife, Catherine , daughter of Hugh Nanney , became eventual heiress of Nannau . Their only child was ANN VAUGHAN , who m. David Jones Gwynne , of Taliaris , Carms. She, the last heir in the direct line, d. 16 March 1758 , leaving no issue. The last male representative was EVAN VAUGHAN , Member of Parliament for Merioneth , brother to William Vaughan . Upon the death of Evan Lloyd Vaughan on 4 Dec. 1791 , Corsygedol and the associated estates passed to his niece, Margaret , wife of Sir Roger Mostyn , bart. (see the article Mostyn ).

Throughout the centuries, members of the family were patrons of Welsh literature and welcomed itinerant bards (see Mostyn MS. 165 ). As one might expect, some members of the group of bards known as Phylipiaid Ardudwy ’ (qq.v.) , whose homes were near Corsygedol , wrote poems to various Vaughans . Siôn Phylip (d. 1620 ) wrote about sixteen, his son, Gruffydd Phylip (d. 1666 ) , who was bardd teulu at Corysgedol , wrote about nineteen, whilst another son, Phylip Siôn Phylip (d. c. 1677 ), wrote one. William Phylip (d. Feb. 1670 ) , who lived at Hendre-fechan , close to Corsygedol , helped Siôn Bryncir to write a cyngor to William Vaughan , nephew of Siôn Bryncir . One poem by Gruffydd Phylip has an interesting title — ‘ I Wmffre Davies o Landy-frydogy Mon dros Rich: Vnô Gorsygedol i ofyn 100 o gywydde D[afydd] ap G[wilym] .’ That some of the Vaughans collected manuscripts and books is an established fact. The following manuscripts, formerly at Mostyn Hall , Flints ., but now in the National Library of Wales , were at Corsygedol — Mostyn MSS. 115, 130, 131, 144 (‘Llyfr Coch Nannau’), 145 (‘Llyfr Gwyn Corsygedol’), 147, 160, 162, 163 (‘Y Llyfr Gwyrdd’), 164 and 165 (this last an important volume from the family history standpoint). The literary tradition is continued in the 18th cent. in the person of William Vaughan ( 1707 - 1775 ), who was Member of Parliament for Merioneth from 1734 to 1768 , lord-lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of that county, and the first ‘ Chief President ’ of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion . Born in 1707 , he attended schools in Chester and London and went to S. John's College , Cambridge . Huw Jones of Llangwm 's anthology called Diddanwch Teuluaidd ( London , 1763 ) is dedicated to William Vaughan , to whom there are numerous references in the correspondence of the Morris brothers of Anglesey . Diddanwch Teuluaidd includes ‘ Caniad y Gôg i Feirionydd ,’ the well-known poem by Lewis Morris , followed by an English version by William Vaughan . Vaughan 's Welsh address in the Merioneth parliamentary election of 1747 is printed by E. Breese in Kalendars of Gwynedd .

Sources:

  • Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches , 1846 , ii, 218-9;
  • E. Breese , Kalendars of Gwynedd … , 1873 ;
  • J. E. Griffith , Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families , 1914 ;
  • J. H. Davies (ed.) The Letters of Lewis, Richard, William, and John Morris, of Anglesey, (Morrisiaid Môn) 1728-1765 , 1907–9 ;
  • G. J. Williams , Llythyrau at Ddafydd Jones o Drefriw . National Library of Wales Journal, Appendix, vol. 3. no. 2., 1943 ;
  • Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales ;
  • W. Ll. Davies , ‘Phylipiaid Ardudwy,’ in Y Cymmrodor , xl;
  • Peniarth Manuscript in the National Library of Wales 254;
  • Reports on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language . Historical Manuscripts Commission, 1898–1910 , I, i;
  • Archaeologia Cambrensis , 1875 , 1-16;
  • Y Cymmrodor , 1951 , 53-6 (with portrait of Wm. Vaughan).

Author:

Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959