Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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VAUGHAN , JOHN ( 1663 - 1722 ), Derllys Court, Carms. , social and religious reformer ;

b. 1663 , the son of John Vaughan of Derllys ( 1624 - 1684 ), barrister , and Rachel , daughter of Sir Henry Vaughan , Derwydd, Carms. His paternal grandfather was a brother of John Vaughan , Golden Grove , the first earl of Carbery (see under Vaughan family, Golden Grove ). He was (probably) educated at Carmarthen grammar school . On 6 Oct. 1692 he m. Elizabeth , daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Thomas (née Protheroe ) , Meidrym , the latter being a first cousin to Lucy Walter (q.v.) , mother of the duke of Monmouth .

During the last twenty years of his life John Vaughan was the leader of religious and educational life in Carmarthenshire . He and his friend Sir John Philipps (q.v.) , of Picton castle, Pembs. , succeeded with the aid of the S.P.C.K. in making their respective counties the most progressive in Wales . John Vaughan paid special attention to the founding of charity schools and libraries and to the distribution of Welsh religious literature . He was the pioneer of free libraries and children's libraries , advocated county grants for the education of poor children , and took special interest in workhouse and prison reform . He emphasised, too, the importance of family devotion in every home. He was mayor of Carmarthen borough , 1710-11 , and a member of the borough council , 1707-22 . His daughter, Bridget Bevan (q.v.) , was the chief patron of the Welsh circulating schools . His wife d. in 1721 , and was buried in Merthyr church; he himself d. on 16 Nov. 1722 , and was buried in Llan-llwch church, Carmarthenshire .



His elder brother, RICHARD VAUGHAN ( 1653 - 1724 ), followed his father at the Bar, became bencher and treasurer of Gray's Inn , Member of Parliament for Carmarthen borough ( 1685-1724 ), recorder ( 1683-6 , 1688-1722 ), and chief justice of Carmarthenshire , Cardiganshire , and Pembrokeshire . He m. Arabella Philipps of Picton Castle , and was thus a brother-in-law to Griffith Jones , Llanddowror (q.v.) .

Sources:

  • S.P.C.K. records (London);
  • Carmarthen borough council records (Carmarthen and N.L.W.);
  • ‘The Charity of John Vaughan’ ( NLW MS 26);
  • Mary Clement , ‘Hanes yr S.P.C.K. yn Sir Gaerfyrddin,’ 1700-50 (M.A. thesis 1940 );
  • Robert Harrison , Some Notices on the Stepney Family. MS. notes , London, 1870 , 1870 ;
  • William Spurrell , Carmarthen and its neighbourhood notes topographical and historical , Carmarthen, 1860 (2nd ed.), 1879 ;
  • D. Lleufer Thomas , ‘The Vaughans of Golden Grove,’ in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography ;
  • Thomas Shankland , ‘Sir John Philipps,’ The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , 1904-5 ;
  • Francis Jones , ‘The Squires of Hawksbrook,’ The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion 1937 ;
  • W. Moses Williams , ‘The Friends of Griffith Jones’, Y Cymmrodor , 1939 ;
  • Mary Clement , ‘John Vaughan, Derllys, a'i Waith,’ The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , 1942 ;
  • Lord George Scott , Lucy Walter wife or mistress , London, 1947 (London, 1947 );
  • T. Kelly , Griffith Jones, Llanddowror pioneer in adult education , Univ. of Wales Press, 1950 (Univ. of Wales Press, 1950 );
  • Mary Clement , Correspondence and minutes of the S.P.C.K. relating to Wales 1699-1740 , Univ. of Wales Press, 1952 (Univ. of Wales Press);
  • Mary Clement , The S.P.C.K. and Wales, 1699-1740 the history of the S.P.C.K. in Wales from its foundation to the early years of the Welsh Methodist movement , S.P.C.K., 1954 (S.P.C.K., 1954 ).

Author:

Dr Mary Clement, Ph.D., Llanelli / Aberystwyth

Published date: 1959