Dictionary of Welsh Biography



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VAUGHAN family, of Trawsgoed ( Crosswood ), Cards. Until 1947 , when the family residence, Trawsgoed , in the parish of Llanafan, Cards. , became the headquarters of the agricultural advisory service for Wales , the Vaughan family could claim continuous residence on the same site for six centuries. Although it is a South Wales family (apart from inter-marriages with Welsh and English families) the pedigree is traced to Collwyn ap Tangno , who is usually associated with Caernarvonshire . It is claimed that the first member of the family to settle at Trawsgoed was ADDA AP LLEWELYN FYCHAN ( c. 1200 ); the older pedigrees agree in stating that he m. Tudo (or Dudo ) , daughter and heiress of Ieuan Goch of Trawsgoed . Their great-grandson, MORUS FYCHAN AP IEUAN , is said to have stabilised the Fychan , hence Vaughan , as surname. Among the family muniments (in the National Library of Wales ) is an indenture of 1547 whereby RICHARDE AP MORIS VAUGHAN , father of MORIS AP RICHARD AP MORIS of Llanafan , in consideration of the intended marriage between the son and Elliw , daughter and heiress of Howell ap Jenkin , covenants, with other persons, to assure to the use of the son and Elliw two messuages, etc.. one of which is ‘the place at Trausgoed ’, i.e. ‘ Plas Trawsgoed .’ Thereafter the family muniments supply much material as to the succeeding members of the family and the estate ( N.L.W. Calendar of Crosswood Deeds , 1927 ). The first Vaughan to marry a Stedman of Strata Florida appears to have been EDWARD VAUGHAN (d. 1635 ), who m. Lettice , daughter of John Stedman . (For the probate of the will of Edward Vaughan , see Crosswood Calendar , 59-60). They were the parents of Sir John Vaughan ( 1603 - 1674 ) , chief justice .

The eldest son of the chief justice and Jane ( Stedman ) was EDWARD VAUGHAN (d. 1683 ), who in 1677 edited his father's Reports . He was member of Parliament for Cardigan , 26 Feb. 1678/9 to 28 March 1681 , and was for a short me one of the Lords of the Admiralty . His wife was Letitia , daughter of Sir William Hooker . Their son, JOHN VAUGHAN ( 1670? - 1721 ), was created (by William III , in 1695 ) baron of Fethard , Co. Tipperary , and viscount Lisburne , Co. Antrim , in the peerage of Ireland . He m. (1), 18 Aug. 1692 , Malet , third daughter of the 2nd earl of Rochester , and (2) Elizabeth (d. Aug. 1716 ). By his first wife Malet , he was the father of JOHN VAUGHAN , the second viscount Lisburne , and by Elizabeth , the father of WILMOT VAUGHAN , the third viscount ; both of them were successively lords-lieutenant of Cardiganshire . Wilmot Vaughan , the third viscount , m. Elizabeth , eldest daughter of Thomas Watson , Berwick-on-Tweed (see index to the Calendar of Crosswood Deeds under ‘ Berwick ’). The eldest son of this marriage was Wilmot Vaughan , created earl of Lisburne in 1776 . The career of their second son, Lieutenant-General Sir John Vaughan ( 1748? - 1795 ), K.B. , is described in D.N.B. He served in Germany , in America (as lieutenant-colonel , 1760-7 , and is major-general , 1776-9 ), and in the West Indies , 1780-2 . He was governor of Berwick , 1779-95 , commander of the Leeward Islands , and d. at Martinique .

WILMOT VAUGHAN , 1st earl of Lisburne , d. in 1813 and was succeeded as 2nd earl by his elder son, also WILMOT VAUGHAN . The 2nd earl d. unmarried in 1820 and was succeeded by his half-brother JOHN VAUGHAN ( 1769 - 1831 ), 3rd earl of Lisburne , colonel in the army , and Member of Parliament for Cardigan , 1796-1818 .

Bibliography:

  • Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , and the sources listed therein;
  • Burke's … Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage ;
  • Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage , 1952 ;
  • Annals and Antiquities of the Counties and County Families of Wales ;
  • N.L.W., Peniarth Manuscript in the National Library of Wales 156 (see West Wales Historical Records , 1910–29 , i);
  • The Crosswood Deeds National Library of Wales. Calendar of Deeds & Documents. vol. 2 , Aberystwyth / Cardiff, 1927 ;
  • E. D. Jones , ‘The Book of Llandaff,’ in The National Library of Wales Journal , iv, 123-57;
  • Archaeologia Cambrensis , 1853 , 62-7;
  • W. R. Williams , The History of the Parliamentary Representation of Wales , 1895 ;
  • The Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion , 1938 , 171-9.

Author:

Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth