Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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JONES , Sir THOMAS ( 1614 - 1692 ), chief justice ,

was of Welsh descent (of the tribe of Ednowain Bendew , for which see Arch.Camb. , 1876 , 1877 , and more directly, 1878 ), but the family had long been associated with Shropshire , and Sir Thomas himself acquired Welsh denizenship only after his marriage (with Jane Barnard , of Chester ), when he took up his residence at Carreghwfa (‘Carreghova’) Hill, Mont. His career is described in D.N.B. and in Williams , Montgomeryshire Worthies . The son of Edward Jones , of Sandford ( Salop ), he went from Shrewsbury school to Emmanuel College , Cambridge ( B.A. 1632 ), but had entered Lincoln's Inn in 1629 , and was called in 1634 . During the Civil War and the Commonwealth , he ‘trimmed,’ but after 1660 he rose rapidly: serjeant , 1669 ; king's serjeant and knight , 1671 ; judge of the King's Bench , 1676 ; chief justice of Common Pleas , 1683 . He was subservient to the Crown and, indeed, in 1680 , the Commons ordered his impeachment for showing favour to James , duke of York . But when, in 1686 , James (by that time king ) claimed the right of ‘dispensing’ with the law, Jones refused to concur, and was dismissed from his office. He then retired to Carreghwfa . Repercussions against his former actions (as judge under Charles II ) led to his committal to custody for a while in 1689 . He d. at Carreghwfa , 31 May 1692 , and was buried in S. Alkmonds church , Shrewsbury .

Author:

Emeritus Professor Robert Thomas Jenkins, C.B.E., D.Litt., Ll.D., F.S.A., (1881-1969), Bangor

Published date: 1959