Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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EDWARDS , ARTHUR TUDOR ( 1890 - 1946 ), surgeon ;

b. Swansea , 7 Mar. 1890 , elder son of William Edwards , J.P. Educated at Mill Hill School , St. John's College , Cambridge , and Middlesex Hospital , London , where he was awarded the Senior Broderip and the University scholarships . Qualifying as a doctor in 1913 he obtained the higher degrees of M.Ch. and F.R.C.S. 1915 . He served in the R.A.M.C. during World War I and rose to the rank of major . He was appointed assistant surgeon to Westminster Hospital , surgeon to the Brompton Hospital for Diseases of the Chest , surgeon to Queen Mary's Hospital , Roehampton , and thoracic surgeon to the London County Council . His main interest in his first years lay in gastro-intestinal surgery , but he became a pioneer in thoracic surgery . Chest surgery was not truly established until he operated successfully on cases of bronchiectasis , bronchial carcinoma and pulmonary tuberculosis . He was the first surgeon in Britain to remove a lobe of the lung and to remove a lung , and one of the first to operate for carcinoma of the oesophagus . He resigned from Westminster Hospital in 1930 to organise a department of thoracic surgery at London Hospital . Edwards was regarded as a most skilful surgeon and fine teacher and he gained an international reputation. In World War II , he became civilian adviser in thoracic surgery to the War Office and R.A.F. He wrote numerous articles, and was a founder of the journal Thorax . He delivered the Harveian Oration ( 1939 ), on bronchiectasis . Edwards was the first president of the Association for the Study of Diseases of the Chest , president of the Thoracic Society , and Hon. Fellow of the American Society of Thoracic Surgeons . He was awarded hon. degrees by Grenoble and Oslo universities. He m. Evelyn Ime Ida Chichester , dau. of Dr Theo Hoskin , London . After a period of ill-health, he d. at St. Enodoc , Cornwall , 25 Aug. 1946 .

Sources:

  • The Lancet (1946) , 2, 365;
  • British Medical Journal 2, (1946) , 2, 346, 444;
  • British Journal of Surgery , Oxford , Oct. 1946 ;
  • Who was who? .

Author:

Owen Elias Roberts, (1908-2000), Liverpool

Published date: 2001