Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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FRANCIS , JOHN OSWALD ( 1882 - 1956 ), dramatist ;

b. 7 Sept. 1882 , son of David Francis , Dowlais, Glam. and Dorothy (née Evans ) his wife. He was one of the first pupils at Merthyr Tydfil Intermediate School and graduated at Aberystwyth and the Sorbonne , before becoming a school teacher at Ebbw Vale county school and later at Holborn Estate grammar school , London . After military service during World War I he entered the Civil Service and was an official of the National Savings Movement when he retired c. 1953 , having received an M.B.E. for his work. But it is for his notable contribution to the revival of interest in drama in Wales that he is remembered. R.G. Berry (see above) and David Thomas Davies (see above) were contemporary playwrights . About 1910 he started writing plays for the Aberystwyth Old Students' Association . The Poacher , which was first staged in Aberystwyth in 1914 , was a great achievement, showing his ability to create characters of the Welsh countryside. His comedy Birds of a feather had a remarkably successful run at the London Coliseum , 1914-18 , and was performed in many parts of the world up to his death. Howell of Gwent ( 1934 ) was a massive historical piece which was performed in Wales and London by the Welsh National Theatre Company . One of his finest works was The dark little people ( 1922 ), though his best work was probably the full-length play Change ( 1913 ), a powerful drama of the industrial scene in Wales which won for him the Howard de Walden prize ( see Scott-Ellis below ). Many of his plays were translated into Welsh and he learnt to speak the language in middle-age. His essays were published in The legend of Wales ( 1924 ) and he wrote a short history of U.C.W. , Aberystwyth . He was a distinguished dramatist who could evoke laughter and tears in alternate moments but he was humble about his own gifts and was always surprised that his one-act plays should have won emphatic success on the British stage. The University of Wales conferred on him an honorary M.A. degree.

When he was over 70 years of age he took up the sport of gliding . He d. a bachelor on 1 Oct. 1956 at 13 Dingwall Gardens , Golders Green , London , where he lived with one of his sisters.

Sources:

  • Who's who in Wales (1921) ;
  • Y Ddinas, Cylchgrawn Cymry Llundain , Nov. 1954 , Nov. 1956 ;
  • The Times , 2 Oct. 1956 , 10;
  • The Liverpool Daily Post , 2 Oct. 1956 .

Author:

Dr Mary Auronwy James, Aberystwyth

Published date: 2001