Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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GRIFFITHS , EZER ( 1888 - 1962 ), physicist ;

b. 28 Nov. 1888 at Aberdare, Glam. , one of the nine children and the eldest of the six sons of Abraham Lincoln and Anne Griffiths . He was educated at Aberdare Intermediate School and the University College of South Wales , Cardiff , where he obtained first-class honours in physics, won a research scholarship and was awarded, later, a Fellowship of the University of Wales and a D.Sc. of that University. In 1915 , Griffiths joined the National Physical Laboratory at Teddington where, for the rest of his working life, he studied problems relating to heat . He became a leading authority on heat insulation, evaporation and related matters and his work was of great value to industry. He was a member of the team sent to Australia in 1923 to study the problems involved in transporting apples through the heat of the tropical zones to Britain . Seven years later he went to New Zealand to examine the problems involved in exporting lamb meat to Britain . He was also involved in studying problems linked to vapour trails made by aeroplanes , and he carried out research into the best method of adapting tanks for service in the heat of the Libyan desert during World War II . With R.W. Powell , he was awarded the Moulton Medal for their work on the evaporation of water from surfaces. He was elected F.R.S. in 1926 and appointed O.B.E. in 1950 . He retired as the senior Chief Scientific Officer of the physics section of the National Physical Laboratory in 1953 .

Griffiths never married and he d. at Teddington on 14 Feb. 1962 . Among his publications are Methods of measuring temperature ( 1918 ; 2nd ed., 1925 ; 3rd ed., 1947 ); Pyrometers ( 1926 ); Refrigeration principles and practice ( 1951 ), and many scientific papers in his field.

His brothers included Edgar A. Griffiths , a physicist with the South African government , Jenkin Arthur Griffiths , the editor of the Colliery Guardian , and Roosevelt Griffiths , a lecturer in metallurgy at the University College , Swansea .

Sources:

  • Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society , 8;
  • Who's who in Wales (1937) .
  • [ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 1961-70, 459-60].

Author:

Evan David Jones, F.S.A., (1903-87), Aberystwyth

Published date: 2001