Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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HUGHES , THOMAS ROWLAND ( 1903 - 1949 ), poet and novelist .

Born 17 Apr. 1903 , at 20 Goodman Street , Llanberis, Caerns. s. of William Rowland Hughes and his wife May , dau. of Thomas Morydd Owen . He was educated at Dolbadarn primary school , Brynrefail county school , and the University College , Bangor , where he graduated in 1925 with first class honours in English and Welsh . In Sept. 1926 he became a teacher at the county school for boys in Aberdare , where he remained for two years. He took his M.A. and with a fellowship awarded by his old college he proceeded to Oxford where he obtained the degree of B.Litt. for research on English periodical literature in the 19th cent. He was lecturer in English and Welsh at Coleg Harlech , 1930-33 . He m., 26 Aug. 1933 , Eirene , dau. of Tom Williams , Ogmore Vale , and his wife. In the summer of 1934 he was appointed principal of the Mary Ward Settlement , London , and in 1935 organiser of feature programmes for the B.B.C. in Cardiff .

He won the chair at the Machynlleth national eisteddfod in 1937 for an ode ‘ Y Ffin ’ and that of the radio national eisteddfod (which was to have been held at Mountain Ash ) in 1940 , on an ode ‘ Pererinion ’. About this time he composed his drama, Y Ffordd , on the Rebecca riots , which was translated into English : he was the first to write a radio play in Welsh . He also edited Storïau'r Henllys Fawr , a collection of short stories by W.J. Griffith ( 1938 ) . He adapted R. Hughes Williams 's Yr Hogyn Drwg as a radio play. About 1937 he contracted multiple sclerosis , but he continued to work for several years hoping for a recovery. During his illness he began to write novels . The first, O Law i Law , appeared in 1943 and it was clear that a novelist of extraordinary stature had made his appearance. This novel was followed by others, published every Christmastime — William Jones ( 1944 ), Yr Ogof ( 1945 ), Chwalfa ( 1946 ) and Y Cychwyn ( 1947 ). With the exception of Yr Ogof his novels are based on life in the slate quarries of north Wales , but William Jones also describes life in the Rhondda valleys during the Depression. At Christmas 1948 , when he was very ill he published Cân neu Ddwy , a volume of poems. In 1949 the University of Wales awarded him the degree of D.Litt. honoris causa , and in the same year he was granted a civil list pension . He d. 24 Oct. 1949 . The following summer an English translation of O Law i Law was published and it was very well received by some English critics. After Daniel Owen he was Wales 's most productive novelist and a ‘best-seller’. His work is characterised by gentleness, geniality, and kindness and by the courage of his chief characters.


  • Personal knowledge;
  • date of birth from his sister;
  • Edward Rees , T. Rowland Hughes, Cofiant gan Edward Rees (Llandysul, 1968) .


Katherine Williams (‘Kate Roberts’), D.Litt., (1891-1985), Denbigh

Published date: 2001