Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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NOVELLO , IVOR ( DAVID IVOR DAVIES till 1927 ; 1893 - 1951 ), composer, playwright, stage and film actor ;

b. at 95 Cowbridge Rd , Cardiff , 15 Jan. 1893 , of a very musical family who soon moved to Llwyn-yr-eos , 11 Cathedral Road , Cardiff , the only son of David Davies , rates collector , and Clara Novello Davies (see above) . He attended Mrs. Soulez' school nearby and received musical tuition from his mother and ( Sir ) Herbert Brewer , Gloucester . His good soprano voice won him prizes at eisteddfodau , and a choral scholarship to Magdalen College School , Oxford , when he was 10 years old. He soon became a soloist with the college choir but never sang in public after his voice broke at the age of 16. He returned home as a piano teacher and accompanist at his mother's concerts but left for London a year later where he continued as her accompanist and composed ballads . In 1913 he moved to 11 Aldwych where he lived for the rest of his life, though he had a country home at Downley, Bucks. , and later bought Redroofs , near Maidenhead . He d. suddenly 6 March 1951 , a bachelor at the height of his fame.

Nearly the whole of his life was spent in a musical atmosphere. He was constantly busy, acting in films or plays — many of which were his own work — sometimes filming during the day, on stage in the evening, and every spare moment writing and composing new works, nearly every one more brilliant than the one before. He was only 15 years old when, as Ivor Novello , his first song, ‘ Spring of the year ’, was published. At the age of 21 he became famous for his war-time song ‘ Keep the home fires burning ’, the lyrics written by Lena Guilbert Ford . He wrote approximately 60 ballads and songs, including ‘ We'll gather lilacs ’. In 1916 he joined the Royal Naval Air Force but failed as a pilot and was transferred to the Air Ministry . During this time he composed his first theatre score , for the show Theodore & Co . He was sent on a highly successful mission to Sweden in 1918 as an entertainer to nullify the effects of German propaganda in that country. After his release from the forces in 1919 he took the leading part in the London film The Call of Blood , and subsequently starred in about 16 other British and American films. His greatest desire to become a stage actor was realized in 1921 when he took a small part in Deburaut . The Rat , his first play (which was later filmed), proved a success for him as author and actor . He wrote and acted in numerous other plays before turning to musical plays, his most popular compositions of all, beginning with Glamorous night ( 1935 ), whilst his seventh and last, King's Rhapsody ( 1949 ), was his finest work in this field. There is no doubt that he drew the crowds when he was in the cast. See Sandy Wilson , Ivor ( 1975 ), for a remarkable list of his songs, plays, films and musical plays, his numerous performances on stage and in films, and his work as a producer and manager ; also for references to earlier biographies. His bust was placed in the Theatre Royal , Drury Lane , and commemorative plaques mark both his birthplace and his London home, where he died.

Sources:

  • Who was who? ;
  • W. Macqueen-Pope , Ivor the story of an achievement. A biography of Ivor Novello , Cardiff, 1951 (1951) ;
  • D. R. Davies collection, 52, at N.L.W.;
  • NLW MSS 20972-3 for correspondence between Ivor Novello and Syr Edward Marsh ;
  • [ James Harding , Ivor Novello , Caernarfon, 1996 (1996) ;
  • and biographical studies by Paul Webb (1999) ,
  • Graham Jones (1997) ].

Author:

Dr Mary Auronwy James, Aberystwyth

Published date: 2001