Dictionary of Welsh Biography

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WHEELER , Dame OLIVE ANNIE ( 1886 - 1963 ), Professor of Education ;

b. in 1886 , daughter of Henry Burford Wheeler , Brecon . She was educated at Brecon County School for Girls and the University College of Wales , Aberystwyth , where she was president of the Students' Representative Council and graduated B.Sc. ( 1907 ); she received a M.Sc. degree ( 1911 ) and was elected a Fellow of the University of Wales . She went as a research student to Bedford College , London , and to the University of Paris , and obtained a D.Sc. degree in psychology ( 1916 ) at the University of London . Her appointment as lecturer in mental and moral science at Cheltenham Ladies College was followed by a lectureship in education at the University of Manchester , where she also served as dean of the Faculty of Education before moving to the University College at Cardiff . In 1925 she became Professor of Education there, and was for a period dean of the Faculty of Education at the college. She was particularly interested in the use of psychology in teaching methods . After working much with youth groups and student associations she became chairman of the Welsh Advisory Council on Youth Employment in 1947 , and chairman of the South Wales District of the Workers Education Association . She served on many educational committees and councils and was created D.B.E. in 1950 for services to education. Three years after her retirement in 1951 she went to Canada on a lecture tour. Her contribution to theories of education was known in many parts of the world through her numerous publications which include: Anthropomorphism and Science ( 1916 ), Bergson and Education ( 1922 ), Youth ( 1929 ), Creative education and the future ( 1936 ), ‘ The mind of the child ’ in Nursery School Education ( G. Owen , editor , 1939 ), The adventure of youth ( 1945 ), part III of Mental Health and Education ( 1961 ); and papers in psychological and educational journals. She resided at Woodlands , Betws-y-coed Road , Cyncoed , Cardiff , and d. suddenly, 26 Sept. 1963 .


  • Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage (1952) ;
  • Who was who? ;
  • Western Mail , 28 Sept. 1963 .


Dr Mary Auronwy James, Aberystwyth

Published date: 2001