Dictionary of Welsh Biography


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GRUFFYDD ap IEUAN ap LLYWELYN FYCHAN ( DWB , 317).

His will, dated 11 March 1553 , was made at Henllan, Denbs. , and was proved 3 May 1553 .

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Corrections and additions:

GRUFFYDD ap IEUAN ap LLYWELYN FYCHAN ( c. 1485 - 1553 ), bard and member of a Welsh landed family ,

his home being Llewenni Fechan (later Llannerch ), near S. Asaph . Some poems by him in British Museum manuscripts ( Detholiad o waith Gruffydd ab Ieuan ab Llewelyn Vychan ) were published in 1910 , edited by J. C. Morrice , who gave some biographical details. Subsequently, i.e. in 1934 , T. Allen Glenn gave, in The Family of Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd in the County of Denbigh , additional particulars concerning him, both as a poet and as a country gentleman , Glenn 's account being based on a study of Griffith family muniments, supplemented by study of other original records.

Gruffydd ap Ieuan is of importance for two other reasons. With the bard Tudur Aled (q.v.) he was called upon to assist at the first Caerwys eisteddfod ( 1524 ) in the grading of bards and musicians ; the two sat with three commissioners, viz. Richard ap Howel ap Ieuan Fychan of Mostyn (father-in-law of Gruffydd ap Ieuan ), Sir William Gruffydd ( Griffith ) of Penrhyn (father-in-law of Thomas Mostyn , son of Richard ap Howel ), and Sir Roger Salusbury of Llewenni . A second reason for his importance is the fact that his nephew, or ‘great-nephew,’ bishop Richard Davies ( 1501? - 1581 ) (q.v.) , says that he remembers seeing in the possession of Gruffudd ap Ieuan (it is William Salesbury who identifies the ‘hen ewythr’ as Gruffudd ap Ieuan ) a manuscript translation in Welsh of the Pentateuch ; for details see the book by D. R. Thomas which is generally referred to under the short title of Davies and Salesbury . The manuscript which D. R. Thomas prints in this work, is, however, not the ‘lost’ translation of the Pentateuch but the Welsh translation by Richard Davies of some of S. Paul's epistles ; this latter manuscript found its way from Llannerch , the home of Gruffydd ap Ieuan and afterwards of his Davies (of Llannerch ) descendants, to Gwysaney, Flints. , the home of the Davies-Cooke family (q.v.) , also descendants. It is now at the National Library of Wales .

Gruffydd ap Ieuan was twice in. His first wife was Janet ( Sioned ) , daughter of Richard ap Howel of Mostyn ; by this marriage he was the father of Alice ‘ferch Gruffydd ap Ieuan,’ a poetess (q.v.) . It was by his second marriage, with Alice , daughter of John Owen of Llansantffraid , that he became the ancestor of the Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd family . For some of the family connections see the articles in this dictionary on Davies (of Llannerch ) , and Davies-Cooke (of Gwysaney ) and Mostyn (family) of Mostyn ; see also lord Mostyn and T. Allen Glenn , History of the Family of Mostyn of Mostyn ( London , 1925 ).

Sources:

  • To the references given above add Jones and Lewis , Mynegai i Farddoniaeth y Llawysgrifau , 1928 ;
  • NLW MSS 16, 253, 255, 431, 433, 552, 675, 695, 727, 832, 834, 1246-7, 1260, 1553, 1559-60, 2288, 3487, 4710, 5269, 5273, 5283, 5545, 6209, 6471, 6499, 6681, 7191, 9166, 11087, 13064, 13066, 13167, and the following manuscripts (also in N.L.W.);
  • Bodewryd MS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 2,
  • Brogyntyn MS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 2,
  • Cwrtmawr Manuscripts at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 114, 129, 200, 207, 448, 454,
  • Esgair Manuscript at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 41,
  • Glyn Davies Manuscript at the National Library of Wales 2,
  • Gwysaney MS. at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 25,
  • Swansea Manuscripts 1-3,
  • and Wynnstay Manuscripts at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth 1, 2, 6, 7.

Author:

Sir William Llewelyn Davies, M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. (1887-1952), Aberystwyth

Published date: 2001