In 1875 he returned to Britain and had command of the 34th Foot , the Border Regiment and then returned to India where he remained until 1878 when he was sent as a special service officer to Cape Colony . In Africa he first served as ADC to Lt. General Thesiger (later Lord Chelmsford ) and was then appointed inspector of forces in the Transvaal . In July he was appointed commandant of the Transvaal and immediately led an abortive assault on the Bapedi Chief , Sekukuni . During this campaign he came into conflict with Redvers Buller and Evelyn Wood , two of the most dominant officers of the late 19th century. In early 1879 Rowlands took command of the town of Pretoria which was being threatened by several thousand Boers who were demanding independence. The defences were such that the threat passed without any violence (only to reappear the following year as the First Boer War ). He was then promoted to local Brigadier General and given the command of a brigade in Zululand where he remained until the end of that war when he returned to Britain and another great welcome from the people of Caernarfon . Rowlands was given various commands ( Aldershot and Peshawar on the northwest frontier of India ) before being appointed to command the Bangalore Division of the Madras Army in 1884 (having been promoted Major General three years earlier). He remained in this post until 1889 when he left India for the last time and returned to Britain . In 1890 he was promoted Lieutenant General and in 1893 was appointed Lieutenant of the Tower of London by the Queen . The following year he took up his last command as C-in-C Scottish District where he remained until retiring in 1896 with the rank of General .
On retiring he returned to Plastirion , Llanrug , where he lived until his death in 1909 . Amongst the honours which he received after 1896 was the rank of Knight Military Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1898 and Colonel of the Duke of Wellington's Regiment in 1897 . He was also created a Deputy Lieutenant for Caernarfonshire and J.P. (he had already been a J.P. for the Transvaal ).
His only son, Hugh Barrow Rowlands , d. of wounds received in Somaliland where he was serving as a major in the King's African Rifles in 1903 .
Sir Hugh Rowlands d. on 1 Aug. 1909 and was buried in the parish churchyard at Llanrug .
William Alister Williams, Wrexham
Published date: 2001